T 703 Modern Communication Systems
F=GNWhere N- number of cells in a cluster G- number of channels in a cellF- number of FD channels available in a cluster.G<F .Cells that collectively use a complete set of available channel frequencies are calledclusters. When a cluster is duplicated ‘m’ times within a system , total number of fullduplex channels areC= mGNC- Channel capacitym- number of clusters N- cluster size(3,7,12)Frequency reuse factor is inversely proportional to number of cells in a cluster.(1/ N).So each cell within a cluster is assigned 1/N ‘th of total available channels in thecluster.
The major kinds of interference produced within cellular telephone system arenamely co-channel interference and , adjacent channel interference.Co- channel interferenceDue to frequency reuse of several cells within a given coverage area use the samefrequencies. Two cells using same frequency are called co-channel cells and theinterference between them is termed co-channel interference. Quite unlike thermalnoise , co – channel interference cannot be reduced by increasing transmit power since increasing the cell’s transmission interfering with the transmission of another cell. To reduce this , co – channels must be separated by a certain minimum distance.Interference between the cells is proportional to the ratio of distances to the cell’sradius. Since cell’s radius is proportional to the transmit power , more radio channelscan be added to a system simply by decreasing transmission power per cell by makingthe cell smaller and filling the vacated coverage area with new cells. If cells are of same size , co-channel interference is dependent on radius of cells( R ) , and distanceto nearest co- channel cell ( D) . Increasing D/R ratio ( co-channel reuse ratio)increases spatial separation between co – channel cells relative to coverage distance.For hexagonal geometry
Prepared By Ms.Sreenu.G, Department Of Computer Science, RASET