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Ácidos y Bases Bn

Ácidos y Bases Bn

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Published by api-3720364

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Published by: api-3720364 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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\u00c1CIDOS Y BASES
INTRODUCCI\u00d3N

\u2022Desde la antig\u00fcedad se conocen numerosas sustancias de gran inter\u00e9s y que hoy denominamos \u00e1cidos y bases. Su presencia en nuestra vida diaria es continua y en muchas facetas , de vital importancia.

\u2022Las primeras definiciones de \u00e1cidos y bases estaban basadas en propiedades sensoriales (organol\u00e9pticas).

+ NaHCO
l(ac)
+ Mg
(s)\u2192
MgCl
2(ac)
+ H
2(g)
\u2022Reaccionan con los carbonatos y bicarbonatos, para
producir di\u00f3xido de carbono gaseoso:
HCl
(ac)
Ideas Generales sobre \u00c1cidos

\u2022Tienen sabor agrio.
\u2022Cambian a rojo, el color del papel de tornasol azul.
\u2022Reaccionan con los metales activos:

2HC
3(s)\u2192
NaCl
(ac)
+ H
2
O
(l)
+ CO
2(g)
\u2022Neutralizan a las bases

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