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Mobile Testing Theory

Mobile Testing Theory

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Published by api-3738664

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Published by: api-3738664 on Oct 18, 2008
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10/22/2014

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Introduction
Introduction
1
1
\ue000
1G
1G: First Generation cellular - analog.
: First Generation cellular - analog.
\ue000
2G
2G: Second Generation cellular - digital cellular including TDMA, CDMA, and GSM systems.
: Second Generation cellular - digital cellular including TDMA, CDMA, and GSM systems.
Most 2G digital phones are voice only phones, but some offer limited data capability.
Most 2G digital phones are voice only phones, but some offer limited data capability.
\ue000
2.5G
2.5G: Enhanced data rate Second Generation - digital cellular systems with data rates of 28kbps -
: Enhanced data rate Second Generation - digital cellular systems with data rates of 28kbps -
384kbps.
384kbps.
\ue000
3G
3G: The term 3G refers to third generation wireless networks. These networks offer voice, data
: The term 3G refers to third generation wireless networks. These networks offer voice, data
transfer, and multimedia content at rates as high as 2 Mbps.
transfer, and multimedia content at rates as high as 2 Mbps.
\ue000
GSM
GSM: Global System for Mobile communications. GSM is used all over Europe, plus many countries
: Global System for Mobile communications. GSM is used all over Europe, plus many countries
in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, South America, Australia, and North America. GSM's air interface is
in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, South America, Australia, and North America. GSM's air interface is
based on narrowband TDMA technology, where available frequency bands are divided into time slots,
based on narrowband TDMA technology, where available frequency bands are divided into time slots,
with each user having access to one time slot at regular intervals.
with each user having access to one time slot at regular intervals.
\ue000
CDMA
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access; also known as IS-95. This is one of the newer digital
: Code Division Multiple Access; also known as IS-95. This is one of the newer digital
technologies in use in the US, Canada, Australia, and some southeastern Asian countries (e.g. Hong
technologies in use in the US, Canada, Australia, and some southeastern Asian countries (e.g. Hong
Kong and South Korea). CDMA differs from GSM and TDMA by its use of spread spectrum
Kong and South Korea). CDMA differs from GSM and TDMA by its use of spread spectrum
techniques for transmitting voice or data over the air. Rather than dividing the radio frequency
techniques for transmitting voice or data over the air. Rather than dividing the radio frequency
spectrum into separate user channels by frequency slices or time slots, spread spectrum technology
spectrum into separate user channels by frequency slices or time slots, spread spectrum technology
separates users by assigning them digital codes within the same broad spectrum. Advantages of
separates users by assigning them digital codes within the same broad spectrum. Advantages of
CDMA include higher user capacity and immunity from interference by other signals. Used in either
CDMA include higher user capacity and immunity from interference by other signals. Used in either
800 MHz or 1900 MHz frequency bands.
800 MHz or 1900 MHz frequency bands.

Global System
For
Mobile Communications

3
3
What is Group Special Mobile ?
GSM was designed as a future proof standard, able to
p

rovide users with a range of capabilities. The evolution began from 1982 when members of 11 telephone companies of the European Telecommunications body - CEPT, formed a new standard group.

In 1988, after the signing of the GSM MoU by 1
7
countries the GSM work was transferred to ETSI, a
s

tandards organisation. Since then the membership of the GSM MoU has grown to 169 countries (401 Networks) across the World.

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