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High Court Assange Judgment

High Court Assange Judgment

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: ABC News Online on Nov 02, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/29/2012

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NeutralCitationNumber:[2011]EWHC2849(Admin)CaseNo:
C0l1925/2011
INTHEHIGHCOURTOFJUSTICEQUEEN'SBENCHDIVISIONDIVISIONALCOURT
RoyalCourtsofJusticeStrand,London,WC2A2LLWednesday2November2011
Before:THEPRESIDENTOFTHEQUEEN'SBENCHDIVISION(SIRJOHNTHOMAS)andMRJUSTICEOUSELEYBetween:JulianAssange-and-SwedishProsecutionAuthorityAppellantRespondentMrBenEmmersonQC
and
MrMSummers
(instructedby
BirnbergPeirce)
forthe
AppellantMsClareMontgomeryQC,MrAWatkins
and
MsHPye
(instructedby
CPS)
forthe
Respondent
Hearingdate:12and13July2011
JudgmentApprovedbythecourtforhandingdown(subjecttoeditorialcorrections)
If
thisJudgmenthasbeenemailedtoyouitistobetreatedas'read-only'.YoushouldsendanysuggestedamendmentsasaseparateWorddocument.
 
JudgmentApprovedbythecourtforhandingdown(subjecttoeditorialcorrections)AssangeySwedishProsecutionAuthority
ThePresidentoftheQueen'sBenchDivision:
Thisisthejudgmentofthecourt
Introduction
1.InAugust2010theappellant,MrJulianAssange,ajournalistwellknownthroughhisoperationofWikileaks,visitedSwedentogivealecture.Between13August2010and18August2010,MrAssangehadsexualrelationswithtwowomenthere,AAandSW.On20August2010SW,accompaniedbyAA,wenttothepolice.Thepolicetreatedtheirvisitsasthefilingofcomplaints.On30August2010MrAssange,whohadvoluntarilyremainedinSwedentoco-operatewiththeinvestigation,wasinterviewed.MrAssangesubsequentlyleftSwedenonorabout27September2010inignoranceofthefactthatanarrestwarranthadbeenissued.AttemptshadbeenmadebytheSwedishprosecutortointerviewhim.2.AfterproceedingsinthecourtsofSweden,includingahearingbeforetheCourtofAppealofSveaon24November2010,atwhichMrAssangewasrepresentedandtowhichwereferinmoredetailatparagraph51,aEuropeanArrestWarrant(EAW)wasissuedon26November2010bytheSwedishProsecutionAuthority(theProsecutor),theRespondenttothisappeal.
It
wassignedbyMarianneNy,aprosecutor.Thewarrantstatedthat:"Thiswarranthasbeenissuedbyacompetentauthority.requestthepersonmentionedbelowbearrestedandsurrenderedforthepurposesofconductingacriminalprosecutionorexecutingacustodialsentenceordetentionorder".3.Itsetoutfouroffences:"1.UnlawfulcoercionOn13-14August2010,inthehomeoftheinjuredparty[AA]inStockholm,Assange,byusingviolence,forcedtheinjuredpartytoendurehisrestrictingherfreedomofmovement.Theviolenceconsistedinafirmholdoftheinjuredparty'sarmsandaforcefulspreadingofherlegswhilstlyingontopofherandwithhisbodyweightpreventingherfrommovingorshifting.2.SexualmolestationOn13-14August2010,inthehomeoftheinjuredparty[AA]inStockholm,Assangedeliberatelymolestedtheinjuredpartybyactinginamannerdesignedtoviolatehersexualintegrity.Assange,whowasawarethatitwastheexpressedwishoftheinjured
 
JudgmentApprovedbythecourtforhandingdown(subjecttoeditorialcorrections)AssangcvSwedishProsecutionAuthority
partyandaprerequisiteofsexualintercoursethatacondombeused,consummatedunprotectedsexualintercoursewithherwithoutherknowledge.3.SexualmolestationOn18August2010oronanyofthedaysbeforeorafterthatdate,inthehomeoftheinjuredparty[AA]inStockholm,Assangedeliberatelymolestedtheinjuredpartybyactinginamannerdesignedtoviolatehersexualintegrityi.e.lyingnexttoherandpressinghisnaked,erectpenistoherbody.4.RapeOn17August2010,inthehomeoftheinjuredparty[SW]inEnkoping,Assangedeliberatelyconsummatedsexualintercoursewithherbyimproperlyexploitingthatshe,duetosleep,wasinahelplessstate.
It
isanaggravatingcircumstancethatAssange,whowasawarethatitwastheexpressedwishoftheinjuredpartyandaprerequisiteofsexualintercoursethatacondombeused,stillconsummatedunprotectedsexualintercoursewithher.Thesexualactwasdesignedtoviolatetheinjuredparty'ssexualintegrity."NootherdescriptionoftheconductwasgivenelsewhereintheEAW.4.On6December2010theEAWwascertifiedbytheSeriousandOrganisedCrimeAgency(SOCA)undertheExtraditionAct2003,(the2003Act),ascomplyingwiththerequirementsofthe2003Act.On7December2010MrAssangesurrenderedhimselfforarrest.On7,8and11February2011therewasahearingbeforetheSeniorDistrictJudgeandChiefMagistrate,SeniorDistrictJudgeRiddle.EvidencewasgivenbyBritaSundberg-Weitman,aformerjudgeoftheSveaCourtofAppealanddistinguishedjurist,MrGoranRudling,anexpertinthelawrelatingtosexualoffencesinSweden,MrSven-EricAlhem,aretiredseniorprosecutor,andMrBjornHurtig,MrAssange'slawyerinSweden.TheevidenceiscarefullysummarisedinthejudgmentoftheSeniorDistrictJudge.5.Inajudgmentgivenon24February2011theSeniorDistrictJudgeorderedMrAssange'sextradition.6.MrAssangeoriginallyappealedonanumberofgrounds;thesewerereducedtofiveinaskeletonargumentservedonbehalfofMrAssangeon29June2011.AsaresultofclarificationprovidedbytheProsecutor,andanamendmenttothetranslationofoneofthepartsoftheEAW,oneofthosegroundswaswithdrawn.Thefourissuesthataroseonthegroundscanbebrieflysummarisedasfollows:i)TheEAWhadnotbeenissuedbya"judicialauthority".

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