Spanish, like many languages uses differentgenders, making some words “masculine” andsome words “feminine”. In the case of
, theword is masculine so the adjective has to be inthe masculine form. The word
is feminine,so the adjective has to be in the feminine form. We’ll be talking more about this in future lessonsso don’t let it worry you just now!
The straightforward word for “goodbye” is:
Just like in English where the word for “goodbye”comes from “God be with you”,
is linked tothe word for God,
: try to make sure your “d”in
is a soft “d”, almost like the “th” in theEnglish word “this”.You can also use other phrases describing when you’re likely to see the person again. You can say:
see you later
Just like in English,
is used when you’renot sure when you’ll see the person again and is a very common way to bid farewell to someone.
itself means “until”.
see you soon
is used when you’re fairly certain you’ll see the person soon. If you are likely to seethe person the following day you can use:
see you tomorrow
Notice the letter “ñ” in this phrase: this is used torepresent a nasal “n” and is pronounced ratherlike the “ni” in “onion”. It is very common inSpanish and in dictionaries it is treated as adifferent letter to “n”. It is used in the word forSpanish itself:
, which sounds like“espanyol”. The ~ mark is called a “tilde”.See the bonus vocabulary below for some otherphrases using
Giving your name
To say “my name is...” or “I am called...” youuse the phrase:
my name is... / I’m called...
uses a double “l” and this soundsquite different depending on which Spanish-speaking country you’re familiar with. In Spain itgenerally sounds like ‘ly’, so
sounds like“me lyamo”. Listen to the recording forexamples of pronunciation.There are two versions of the ﬁnal phrase in thislesson, one for males and one for females. If you’re male, to say “it’s nice to meet you” youused the phrase:
nice to meet you (m)
If you’re female you change the -o ending to -a:
nice to meet you (f)
In some books when one word with two formsending in either -o or -a is given it is sometimeswritten as
The theory is that the @symbol encapsulates both the “o” and “a”endings. This is an informal way of writing andis particularly common on the internet.Let’s put some of the words and phrases we’vecovered in this lesson into a conversation.
Hola, buenos días.Kara:
Hola, buenos días.Mark:
Muy bien, gracias. ¿Qué tal?Mark:
Muy bien. Me llamo Mark.Kara:
Encantada. Me llamo Kara.Mark:
In each edition of Coffee Break Spanish wecover the basic language you need tocommunicate. However we also provide someadditional vocabulary for our listeners whodownload the extra materials. You can downloadthe bonus vocabulary recording from ourwebsite. For the full list of vocabulary for thislesson, including the bonus words and phrases,see overleaf.