In a liquid crystal, the molecules have long rod
shapes. The molecules\u2019 positions are random but
their orientations can be aligned with one another in a
If we put a liquid crystal material
between two pieces of glass
scored with horizontal and vertical
lines, the liquid crystal molecules
twist to try to align with the lines in
As the light passes through the liquid
crystal layers, the molecules
change the light's plane of
vibration to match their own angle.
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