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About Hart

About Hart

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Published by: api-3725139 on Oct 18, 2008
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About hart
By Analog Services, Inc.
Revised 8-9-99
About HART -- Prolog............................................................ 4
Prolog.......................................................................... .................... 4
About HART -- Part 1............................................................. 6
Part 1: Preliminaries..................................... ................................... 6
Introduction.................................................. ................................... 6

Overview: HART and The Conventional Process Loop...................................... 7 Overview: Signaling........................................................................................ 10 Overview: HART Process Transmitter Block Diagram..................................... 12 Overview: Building Networks.......................................................................... 13 Overview: Protocol............................................................................ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Overview: Addressing..................................................................................... 19 Overview: Conclusion..................................................................................... 21

Why So Slow?............................................... .................................. 21 What's In A Bell-202 Standard?.................................. ...................... 22 Process Receiver......................................................................... .... 22 Other Books About HART?............................................................... . 23 Alternatives To HART............................................................ ........... 24 Table of Current HART Publications.................................................. 24

About HART -- Part 2........................................................... 26

Part 2: Practical Stuff................................................. .................... 26 A Caveat: HART and Current Consumption....................................... 26 Modem Sources........................................ ...................................... 26 HART Library Software For PC........................................... ............... 27 HART and PCs ..................................................... ............................ 27 Timing is Everything............................. .......................................... 28 The Beginning, End, Gaps, and Dribbles........................................... 32 Start-Up Synchronization in HART......................... ........................... 34 Slave Receive Algorithm.................................................... .............. 36 Data Compression............................................................ ............... 38 Device Description Language................................................. .......... 38 Slave Development Steps.......................................... ...................... 41 Addressing Problems, Slave Commissioning, and Device Database.... 42 Bell-202: Bad News in Europe......................................................... 44 Grounding and Interference..................................................... ........ 44 HART and Intrinsic Safety.......................................... ...................... 47 HART and CE Mark........................................................................... 50 Electrical Measurement of a HART Network...................................... 53 Isolating A Non-Isolated Modem.................................................... ... 53 Troubleshooting: What To Do When "It Just Won't Talk".................... 54 HART Repeater...................................... ......................................... 55 HART Gateways and Alternative Networks........................................ 57

PC as Gateway..................................................................................... . . . . . . . . 58 DeviceNet to HART..................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 HART Over RS485/RS232............................................................................. 59 Combined Baseband and Conventional HART............................................60

Telecom HART.............................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

Fiber Optic HART............................................................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Single Modem/Multiple Point-to-Point.......................................................... 64 Wireless HART...................................................................................... . . . . . . . . 66

About HART -- Part 3........................................................... 68

Part 3: Ponderous Stuff....................................... ........................... 68 Equation Describes CPFSK.............................................. ................. 68 Generating HART Signal With MATLAB................................ .............. 68 OSI Model........................................................................... ............ 70 HART Network Circuit Models.......................................................... . 73 HART Signal Power Spectral Density................................................ 76 HART Message Errors.......................................... ............................ 82 Experimental HART Error Rates............................................ ............ 87 How Fast?................................................................................ ....... 88 References..................................................... ................................ 89

HART Application Note.................................................... 91

Network Coupling Transformer for HART..................................... ...... 91 Curing HART Start-Up Transient..................................................... 103 Transmit Wave-Shaping and Receive Processing for HART............... 106 AD421-to-HT2012 Connection........................................................ 113 Using CCITT V.23 Equipment for HART............................................ 113 HART Clocking............................................................................ ... 115 Trouble at Start or End of Message........................................... ...... 116 Interpretation of HART Transmitter Impedance............................... 118

HART Chips: Past, Present, Future..................................... 120 HART Bibliography of Web Sites......................................... 122 On-Line Data Sheet for 20C15............................................ 147

Description............................................................. ...................... 147 Pinout...................................................... .................................... 148 Operation....................................................... .............................. 149

Modulator (Transmit):.................................................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .149 Demodulator (Receiver):................................................................................149 Clock:.............................................................................................................150

Parameters................................................................... ................ 150 Circuits.................................................................................. ....... 152 Package..................................................................................... ... 153

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