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The Why and How of Open Education v1.5 - With lessons from the openSE and openED Projects

The Why and How of Open Education v1.5 - With lessons from the openSE and openED Projects

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Published by Andreas Meiszner
This updated version includes – inter alia – a new chapter focusing on the Key Challenges of Open Education (Chapter 5).

This chapter draws on findings from the EU funded openED and openSE projects, and on findings from a 2011 survey carried out by the European Learning Industry Group (ELIG).

This updated version v1.5 is released in parallel with the ELIG white paper titled ‘Open Education: a wake up-call for the learning industry?’, which summarizes the ELIG survey findings.

The release of this updated version v1.5 coincides with the start of the openED course on ‘Business and Management Competencies in a Web 2.0 world’, whose third edition begins on 7 November 2011. Please check the course website for an inside look at our work on Open Education (www.open-ed.eu).

The book is also available for download from the UNU-MERIT website at http://www.merit.unu.edu/archive/docs/hl/201111_The_Why_And_How_Of_Open_Education_v_1_5.pdf
This updated version includes – inter alia – a new chapter focusing on the Key Challenges of Open Education (Chapter 5).

This chapter draws on findings from the EU funded openED and openSE projects, and on findings from a 2011 survey carried out by the European Learning Industry Group (ELIG).

This updated version v1.5 is released in parallel with the ELIG white paper titled ‘Open Education: a wake up-call for the learning industry?’, which summarizes the ELIG survey findings.

The release of this updated version v1.5 coincides with the start of the openED course on ‘Business and Management Competencies in a Web 2.0 world’, whose third edition begins on 7 November 2011. Please check the course website for an inside look at our work on Open Education (www.open-ed.eu).

The book is also available for download from the UNU-MERIT website at http://www.merit.unu.edu/archive/docs/hl/201111_The_Why_And_How_Of_Open_Education_v_1_5.pdf

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Published by: Andreas Meiszner on Nov 02, 2011
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The openSE and openEd 2.0 projects have been funded with support from the European Commission. The content reflects the viewsonly of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use, which may be made of the information containedtherein. | openEd 2.0 505667-LLP-1-2009-1-PT-KA3-KA3MP | openSE 503641-LLP-1-2009-1-PT-ERASMUS-ECUE
The Why and How of Open Education
With lessons from the openSE and openED Projects
October, 2011
*** Updated Version v1.5 *** *** with a new chapter on the “Key Challenges of Open Education” (Chapter 5) *** 
The book is also available for download from the UNU-MERIT website at:http://www.merit.unu.edu/archive/docs/hl/201111_The_Why_And_How_Of_Open_Education_v_1_5.pdf  
Andreas Meiszner, PhDUnited Nations University | UNU-MERIT | CCGThe Netherlands
…with contributions from the openSE and openED project partners
 
The Why and How of Open Education, v1.5
ii
Change History to Version 1.0:
1.
 
 New chapter: Chapter 5 on the Key Challenges in Open Education.2.
 
Updated and revised the conclusion and outlook chapter, which is now Chapter 6.3.
 
Added a Glossary.4.
 
Moved the table from section 4.6 “A brief Organizational Guide to hybrid OpenCourse Design & Delivery” to the Annex to allow for a more convenient readingexperience.5.
 
Minor revisions throughout the overall document.
Copyright Notice:
This work is published under a Creative Commons License Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported. Attribution
— You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of thework).
 Noncommercial 
— You may not use this work for commercial purposes.
Share Alike
— If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute theresulting work only under the same or similar license to this one.
Content Notice:
 NOTE I:
This book includes parts of the following work in an original, amended, or modified form: Meiszner, Andreas (2010), “The Emergence of Free / Open Courses -Lessons from the Open Source Movement”, submitted for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Centre for Research in Education and Educational Technology, Institute of Educational Technology, The Open University, UK; available from:http://www.scribd.com/doc/33852509/The-Emergence-of-Free-Open-Courses-Lessons-from-the-Open-Source-Movement. To improve the convenience of reading, thoseoriginal, amended, or modified parts have not always been quoted (“…”) as such.
 NOTE II:
This book includes the following official project deliverables from theopenSE & openED projects:
 
2.1 Requirement Specification Document of the organizational framework – Chapter Four and parts of Chapter Five of this work 
 
9.1 Sustainability framework – Chapter Three and parts of Chapter Five of thiswork To allow for a better understanding of the subject area of Open Education, thedeliverables have been embedded within the narrative of this work.
Version Information:
October 29
th
2011 v1.5
 
The Why and How of Open Education, v1.5
aTable of Content (Short)
GLOSSARY............................................................................................................................................1
FOREWORD...........................................................................................................................................3
1
AN INTRODUCTION TO OPEN EDUCATION.................................................................................4
1.1
Defining Open Education 4
1.2
Stakeholders in Open Education 6
1.3
Why Open Education? 7
1.4
Potential Socio-Economic Impact of Open Education 11
1.5
Open Education: From ‘Why’ to ‘How’ 18
2
OPEN EDUCATION CASES FROM THE OPENSE & OPENED PROJECTS..............................19
2.1
Free Learning Cases 19
2.2
Formally Enrolled Student Cases 22
2.3
Educator Cases 25
2.4
Practitioner Cases 27
2.5
Summary 30
3
SUSTAINABILITY OF OPEN EDUCATION ..................................................................................31
3.1
Introduction 31
3.2
Open Education as an Element of Traditional Education 31
3.3
Open Education at a Course Level: the ‘low budget sustainable Approach’ 31
3.4
Cost-Sharing through Open Education 32
3.5
Added Value to traditional education Offerings 34
3.6
Revenues through Open Education Services 35
3.7
Summary 36
4
DESIGNING & DELIVERING OPEN EDUCATION........................................................................37
4.1
Introduction 37
4.2
Inside, Outside and Hybrid Perspectives to Open Education 38
4.3
A Framework for Open Course Design & Delivery 46
4.4
Basic Considerations on hybrid Open Course Design & Delivery 50
4.5
The Component Parts of Open Education 54
4.6
A brief Organizational Guide to hybrid Open Course Design & Delivery 59
5
KEY CHALLENGES IN OPEN EDUCATION ................................................................................61
5.1
Technical Challenges: Allowing for education Design and Provision across Technologies 61
5.2
Sustainability Challenges: The Absence of an OE Service Infrastructure and perceived Lack of Business Models 68
5.3
Organizational Challenges in Open Education 71
5.4
Legal Challenges: A miss-match of Legal Frameworks to support the Uptake of Open EducationServices 72
6
CONCLUDING NOTES & OUTLOOK............................................................................................74
6.1
Towards a reinforced Focus on Research and Development in Open Education 74
6.2
An Open Education Outlook from the United Nations University’ perspective: the UNUOpenconcept 75
ANNEX..................................................................................................................................................78
About the FLOSSCom Project 78
About the OpenSE Project 78
About the openED Project 79
Table: Hybrid Open Course Design and Delivery Guide 79
REFERENCES....................................................................................................................................101
 

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