Election Laws Reviewer
the right and obligation of qualified citizens to vote in the election of certainnational and local of the government and in the decisions of public questions submittedto the people. It includes within its scope: election, plebiscite, initiative, referendum andrecall.
the means by which the people choose their officials for a definite and fixedperiod and to whom they entrust for the time being as their representatives the exerciseof the powers of the government, It involves the choice of selection of candidates topublic office by popular vote.
a vote of the people expressing their choice for against a proposed law orenactment submitted to them. An election at which any proposed amendment to orrevision of the Constitution is submitted to the people for their ratification. A constitutional requirement o secure the approval of the people directly affected, beforecertain proposed changes affecting local governments units may be implemented.
it is the process by which the registered voters directly propose, amendlaws, national or local, though an election called for the propose. Amendments to theConstitution may likewise be directly proposed by the people though initiative.
- it is at he submission of a law pass by the national or local legislativebody to the registered voters of an election called for the purpose for their ratification orrejection.
- it is a method by which a public officer may be removed from office during histenure or before the expiration of his term by a vote of the people after registration of apetition singed by a required percentage of the qualified voters.Since the right of suffrage is a political and not a natural right, it is within the power of the state prescribe the manner in which such right shall be exercised. Congress ismandated by the Constitution (Sec.2, Art. V):To provide a system for securing the secrecy and sanctity of the ballot, and for absenteevoting by qualified Filipinos abroad, andTo design a procedure for the disabled and the illiterate to vote without the assistanceof other persons.
THE COMMISSION ON ELECTIONS
Composition, Qualifications, Appointment,Term of Office