as possible predictors.
22.214.171.124 Demographic Variables
Different authors placed emphasis on different demographic aspects.Nordenfelt (1993) commented on environmental influences. The physicalenvironment within which the individual functions, forms the basis for his or heractions, that is, it provides the opportunity to indulge in various activities. Theseopportunities vary in different parts of the country. Cities provide theopportunities for entertainment, better education, information and better medicalfacilities. Rural areas provide opportunities to be close to nature, clean air andopen spaces (Nordenfelt, 1993). Faubion, Palmer and Andrew (2001)conducted a study among vocational rehabilitation counsellors to determineperceived differences between rural and urban employees. The resultsindicated that rural counsellors were more satisfied than urban counsellors withextrinsic factors, such as office location, safety in the office, parking andsurrounding areas and safety in job related travel. Additionally, rural counsellorsreported being more satisfied with the healthiness and various comfort factors of their work environment. However, no differences were found related to overall job satisfaction and other demographic variables, such as gender, race, age,education and work experience.In the 1930's, Robert Hoppock found that different levels of satisfaction wererelated to different occupational levels, with the highest occupational level(professional, managerial and executive) being accompanied by the highestsatisfaction. There were more unskilled manual workers who reporteddissatisfaction than professionals (Landy, 1989). Koberg, Boss, Senjem andGoodman (1999) reported findings that individuals at higher levels of theorganisation, who traditionally hold the most power, and individuals with moreseniority in the organisation feel more empowered, while variables such asgender and race (Whites and non-Whites) had no significant effect on feelings of