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Pas a Pas Vers l Assembleur Par Lord Noteworthy

# Pas a Pas Vers l Assembleur Par Lord Noteworthy

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Debuter avec assembleur
Debuter avec assembleur

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Andry Rakotoharijaona on Nov 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/13/2012

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By: Lord Noteworthy / FAT Assembler Team Page 2
Table des matières

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………………………....…………..6
Assembleur, philosophieet atouts …………………………………….………….………………………….8Avantages et inconvénients de l’assembleur……………………………………………………..……….9Que programmer en Assembleur ? ……………………………………………………………………….10
Chapitre 1 : Notions de base………………………………………………………………………...……………….10
Les systèmes de numération…………...…………………………………………………………………...10Décimale…………………………………….………………………………………………………11Binaire……………………………………….………………………….…………………………..11Octal…………………………………………………………………………………………………13Hexadécimale……………………………………………………………………………………..13Les conversions entre bases numérales…………………………………………………………………..14Décimale
Binaire……………………………………………………………………………..14Binaire
Décimale…………………………………………………………………………….16Binaire
Hexadécimale………………………………………………………………………16Hexadécimale
Binaire ………………………………………………………………………17Y’a t’ils des nombres négatifs en binaire ?……………………...………………………...17Opérations Arithmétiques ……………………………………………………………………….…………...19L’addition……………………………………………………………………………...................19La soustraction……………………………………………………………………………………20Astuce………………………………………………………………………………………………20

By: Lord Noteworthy / FAT Assembler Team Page 3
Chapitre 2 : Organisation de l'Ordinateur………………………………………………………………………………21
Un microprocesseur, en deux mots………………………………………..…………………………...…22Historique………………………………………………………………….…………………………………….22Notations…………………………………………………………………………………………...................25Le mode de fonctionnement des x86……………………………………………..……………..……….26Organisation interne du microprocesseur………………………………………………………………...27Registres généraux……………………………………………..…………………………………………….29Registres de segments………………………………………………………….…………………………...31Registres d’offset……………………………………………………………………………..……………….31Registre de flag…………………………………………………………………………………………..……32Les registres MMX et SIMD………………………………………………………………………………...32Les registres spécialisé.s …………………………………………………………………………………..33La pile……………………………………………………………………………………………………………33La mémoire………………………………………………………………………………………..................34La pagination mémoire…………………………………………………………………….......................34Organisation de la mémoire …………………………………………………………………………………35
Chapitre 3 : Instruction du microprocesseur…………………………………………………………………………..37
Anatomie d’un programme en assembleur………………………………………………………………....37Structure des instructions……………………………………………………………………………………….37

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