Networks provide for communication
between devices without direct connections.
Circuit Switching is the Oldest Networking
devices have been directly connected either by
point to point links or multipont links. This is
not possible for every pair of devices that wish
to communicate in the world e.g. every phone in
the world in connecting to every other phone in
the world. This is obvious for two reasons:
every other device would require N(N-1) full
duplex links. This would be prohibitively
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