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ckt[1]

ckt[1]

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Published by: api-3825972 on Oct 18, 2008
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05/09/2014

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1
Network Layer and Circuit
Switching

Networks provide for communication
between devices without direct connections.
Circuit Switching is the Oldest Networking
Technology

2
Why Networks?
\u0084Until now we talked about situations where

devices have been directly connected either by
point to point links or multipont links. This is
not possible for every pair of devices that wish
to communicate in the world e.g. every phone in
the world in connecting to every other phone in
the world. This is obvious for two reasons:

\u0083The direct connection of every device with

every other device would require N(N-1) full
duplex links. This would be prohibitively
expensive.

\u0083Each communication link would require a port
on the device. The cost of the ports would be
a limiting factor and also their physical size.
3
What is a Network?

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