EQUILIBRIUM MODEL FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION
, Prasad Parulekar
, Preeti Aghalayam
and Anuradda Ganesh
Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076
Energy Systems Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai-400076
Corresponding author, Energy Systems Engineering, IIT Bombay, Powai,Mumbai-400076 Phone: 022-25767886, Fax: 022-25726875, e-mail:firstname.lastname@example.org
The utilization of biomass will provide sufficient energy which can be used for electricity generation, engineapplications, etc. Gasification is the process in which biomass is converted into clean and combustible gas in the presence of steam and air. To model gasification process in detail, knowledge of chemical reaction kinetics isrequired which is not available in open literature. Thermodynamic equilibrium composition prediction is theimportant step in modeling the gasification process. Here the biomass is represented as CH
. The biomass isreacted with steam and air to give product gases viz. CO, CO
. The model assumes that the principle reactions are at thermodynamic equilibrium. The model equations containing four atom balances (C,O, H and N) and three equilibrium relations are solved for gas compositions using MATLAB. The four types of biomasses from India are used for prediction of equilibrium gas compositions. These four samples are compared based on gross calorific values.
Biomass, Thermodynamic equilibrium, gasification.
Biomass is a non conventional energy source. The main biomass sources are wood, saw dust, agriculturalresidues, aquatic and marine biomass and wastes (Bridgwater, 1994). The utilization of biomass will providesufficient energy which can be used for electricity generation, engine applications, etc. Gasification is the process in which biomass is converted into clean and combustible gas in the presence of steam and air. Thereare different gasifiers like updraft, downdraft, cross draft and fluidized bed gasifiers (Khummongkol andArrunlaksadamrong, 1990).The main aim of this study is to produce producer gas from biomass and use it in engine for power generation.The experimental set up is shown in Figure 1. As shown in the Figure 1, the biomass is fed from top and isgasified to produce producer gas.
Figure 1: Experimental set up
UPDRAFTGASIFIERTARCRACKINGUNITGAS COOLER +STEAM GENERATORS. I.ENGINEAIRBLOWERASHBIOMASSINGAS 800