Rickson P. Rambuyon, BSN III - A
Filariasis afflicts Filipinos living in endemic areas. The disease often progresses to become chronic,debilitating and disfiguring, since its often asymptotic. Filarisais is endemic in 48 out of 78 provinces with thehighest prevalence rates in region 5, 8, 11 and CARAGA. Two another provinces, namely Marinduque andSarangani were Identifies as endemic provinces.
What is Filariasis?
Human Lymphatic Filariasis is a chronic parasitic Infection caused by nematode parasites known as
. The young adult worms live in the lymphatic vessels andlymph nodes while the microfilariae are usually found in blood. The life-span of the adult parasite is about 10years (but 40 years has been also reported) while the microfilariae live for abut a year at the host. Thedisease is transmitted to a person through bites of an infected female mosquito primarily
thatbites at night between 10pm-12pm.
The incubation period which starts from the entry of the microfilariae larvae ,to the development of clinicalmanifestations is variable. Nevertheless it ranges from 8-16 months.
Characterized by the presence of micorfilariae in the peripheral blood
Co clinical signs and symptoms of the disease
Some remain assymptomatic for years and some instances for life
Others progress into acute and chronic stages
Microfilariae rates are increases with age and then levels off
In some cases, the male the male genitalia is affected leading to funiculaitis, epididymitis, or orchitis (redness, painful and tender scrotum)
Developed 10-15 years from the onset of the first attack
Immigrants from areas where Filariasis is not endemic tend developed this stage more oftenand sooner (1-2 years) than so the indigenous population of endemic areas.