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Laboratory Methods of Organic Chemistry

Laboratory Methods of Organic Chemistry

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LABORATORY METHODSOFORGANIC CHEMISTRY
BYL. GATTERMANNCOMPLETELY REVISED BYHEINRICH WIELANDTRANSLATED FROMTHE TWENTY-FOURTH GERMAN EDITIONBY W. MCCARTNEY, PH.D.(EDIN.), A.I.C.LATE ASSISTANT IN THE DEPARTMENT
OF
MEDICAL CHEMISTRY, UNIVERSITY
OF
EDINBURGHWITH 59 ILLUSTRATIONS IN THE TEXTNEW YORKTHE MACMILLAN COMPANY1937
 
COPYRIGHT
PRINTFD IN GEEAT BRITAINBY R.
&
R. CLARK, LIMITED, EDINBUEGH
 
PEEFACE TO THE TWENTY-FOUKTH EDITION
WHILE
the student is being educated in preparative work it isnecessary for him to acquire some knowledge of the incessant pro-gress in the methods of organic chemistry and at the same time tobecome familiar with the most recent results of research work. Forthese reasons a series of changes had to be made when this newedition was prepared. In order not to increase the bulk of the bookthese objects have been attained by sacrificing examples
(e.g.
lino-lenic acid, crystal violet, Gattermann-Koch aldehyde synthesis)with which, from this point of view, it seemed possible to dispense.Of the newly included methods two may be mentioned here :analysis by
chromatographic adsorption
which has attained suchgreat importance, and the
ozonisation
of unsaturated compounds bythe recently well-developed procedure.The section on analytical methods has been completely re-written because the development of organic chemistry has causedthe macro-methods practised in the classic period, methods whichrequired considerable amount of material, to come to be regarded assurvivals. The candidate for the Doctor degree, we know, no longerhas to acquire the art of carrying out combustions since he is rightlyunwilling, in practising this art, to sacrifice relatively enormousamounts of pure substance, often laboriously obtained. On variousgrounds I doubt the advisability of including micro-analysis ingeneral practical courses.During a period of two years we have obtained such good resultsin this laboratory with a procedure worked out, on the basis ofPregl's method, by Dr. F. Holscher that I have included it in thisbook. For this procedure 20-30 mg. of substance are required.The position has been reached where the candidate for the Doctor

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