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IEE Bus Rapid Transit - Mar 07, 2008

IEE Bus Rapid Transit - Mar 07, 2008

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City District Government Karachi
Karachi Mega City Sustainable Development Program

Initial Environmental Examination
Bus Rapid Transit System
under Transportation Subprojects

Document Stage: Final Report
Document Date: March 07, 2008

The initial environmental examination is a document of the borrower. The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB\u2019s Board of Directors, Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

Karachi Mega City Sustainable Development Program
IEE Report for Bus Rapid Transit System of Transportation Subprojects
07/03/08
Page 2 of 74
CONTENTS
I.
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................. 6
A
Overview.........................................................................................................6
B
Environmental Regulatory Compliance....................................................... 7
C
Environmental Category of Bus Rapid Tansit Subproject(s). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
D
Objectives and Scope of IEE........................................................................8
E
Report Structure............................................................................................8
II. DESCRIPTION OF THE BUS RAPID TRANSIT SUBPROJECT....... 9
A
Background, Type of Project and Categorization. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
B
Need for the Project..................................................................................... 10
C
Proposed Development Plan......................................................................10
D
Criteria for Route Selection........................................................................ 11
E
Description of a Typical BRT dedicated Transitway Section Station..... 13
III. DESCRIPTION OF ENVIRONMENT................................................. 15
A
Environmental Profile of Karachi............................................................... 15

Physical Environment....................................................................................15 Biological Environment.................................................................................. 16 Social and Cultural Environment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

B
Environmental Conditions of the Proposed BRT routes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
IV. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES...... 22
A
Design Related Impacts and Design Concept. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
B
Sensitive Receivers, Heritage and Religious Sites and Schools............ 23
C
Preparing the Contractor(s) to Install Mitigation...................................... 23
D
Construction Related Impacts....................................................................24

Traffic Management.......................................................................................24 Public Safety..................................................................................................25 Cut and Fill.....................................................................................................25 Replacement of Trees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26 Hydrology, Sedimentation and Soil Erosion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Blasting..........................................................................................................27 Noise and Vibration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27 Air Pollution....................................................................................................28 Nuisances and Health Effects........................................................................ 29

E
Operational Impacts....................................................................................30
Noise.............................................................................................................30
Gaseous Emissions from Vehicles................................................................ 31
Karachi Mega City Sustainable Development Program
IEE Report for Bus Rapid Transit System of Transportation Subprojects
07/03/08
Page 3 of 74
Vehicle Related Dust Emission...................................................................... 32
Hazardous Driving Conditions....................................................................... 32
V. PUBLIC CONSULTATION................................................................ 33
A
Identification of Stakeholders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
B
Consultation with Primary Stakeholders................................................... 33
Community, Businesses and Trade Associations.......................................... 33
C
Consultation with NGOs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Urban Resource Centre................................................................................. 33
VI. INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENTS AND ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT PLAN...................................................................... 42
A
Institutional Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
B
Environmental Assessment of Follow-Up Subprojects........................... 45
C
Environmental Management Plan..............................................................45
D
Environmental Monitoring.......................................................................... 46

VII. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS........................................... 49 VIII. CONCLUSIONS................................................................................. 51 Appendix A: Selected Photographs..................................................... 52 Appendix B: Environmental Management Plan.................................. 57

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