Introduction to Tagging: Scores and Sound RecordingsPage 3
What are scores and sound recordings?
The AACR2 Glossary defines a
as "a series of staves on which all the differentinstrumental and/or vocal parts of a musical work are written, one under the other in verticalalignment, so that the parts may be read simultaneously." This rather restrictive definitionapplies primarily to the use of the word "score" in the physical description area of the catalogrecord. Not everything cataloged in the scores format is a "score" in the literal AACR2 sense.In a more generic, everyday sense, the word "score" is generally interpreted to mean "printedmusic," though manuscript music should also be cataloged in the scores format. A "methodbook" (i.e., how to play an instrument) should also be cataloged in the scores format, unless itis primarily text.The chief source of information for a score is the title page, though information from thecaption (the first page of music) and cover may also be used. (A "cover" must be made of different or thicker material; otherwise it is a title page.)
The AACR2 Glossary defines
as "a recording on which sound vibrationshave been registered by mechanical or electrical means so that the sound may be reproduced."Sound recordings can be
(in which the sound waves are recorded in a medium that is
to the pattern of the original sound waves, such as a groove on an LP or themagnetic field of a tape) or
(in which sound waves are recorded as a sequence of individual
).CDs (compact discs), LPs (analog discs), and audiocassettes are the predominant formats;some libraries may have open-reel tapes. 8-track tapes, Edison cylinders, wire recordings,and player piano rolls also qualify as sound recordings, though they are now rare.The chief source of information for a recording is the item itself--the label of an LP, theprinted information on a cassette, or the "label" side of a compact disc.