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Mass_DOMA_Appeals #5593205

Mass_DOMA_Appeals #5593205

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Published by Equality Case Files
Doc #5593205 AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF tendered by Historians
Doc #5593205 AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF tendered by Historians

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Published by: Equality Case Files on Nov 03, 2011
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11/03/2011

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{W2706786.3}
Nos. 10-2204, 10-2207, 10-2214IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALSFOR THE FIRST CIRCUITCOMMONWEALTH OF MASSACHUSETTS,P
LAINTIFF
-A
PPELLEE
,v.UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES,ET AL.,D
EFENDANTS
-A
PPELLANTS
.DEAN HARA,P
LAINTIFF
-A
PPELLEE
 /C
ROSS
-A
PPELLANT
,NANCY GILL, et al.,P
LAINTIFFS
-A
PPELLEES
,
 
v.OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT, et al.,D
EFENDANTS
-A
PPELLANTS
 /C
ROSS
-A
PPELLEES
 ON APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURTFOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
BRIEF
 
OF
 
 AMICI 
 
CURIAE
 
HISTORIANS
 
 
PETER
 
W.
 
BARDAGLIO
 
 
NORMA
 
BASCH
 
 
GEORGE CHAUNCEY
 
 
STEPHANIE
 
COONTZ
 
 
NANCY
 
F.
 
COTT
 
 
TOBY L. DITZ
 
 
ARIELA
 
DUBLER
 
 
LAURA
 
F.
 
EDWARDS
 
 
ESTELLE B. FREEDMAN
 
 
SARAH BARRINGER
 
GORDON
 
 
MICHAEL
 
GROSSBERG
 
 
HENDRIK
 
HARTOG
 
 
ELLEN HERMAN
 
 
MARTHA
 
HODES
 
 
LINDA
 
K.
 
KERBER
 
 
ALICE
 
KESSLER-HARRIS
 
 
ELAINE
 
TYLER
 
MAY
 
 
STEVEN
 
MINTZ
 
 
ELIZABETH
 
H.
 
PLECK
 
 
CAROLE
 
SHAMMAS
 
 
MARY L. SHANLEY
 
 
AMY
 
DRU
 
STANLEY
 
 
BARBARA
 
YOUNG
 
WELKE
 
 
IN
 
SUPPORT
 
OF
 
APPELLEES
 
ANDOF
 
AFFIRMANCE
 
OF
 
THE
 
JUDGMENT BELOW
 Clifford H. RuprechtCatherine R. ConnorsFrank H. BishopPierce Atwood LLPMerrill’s Wharf 254 Commercial StreetPortland, ME 04101(207) 791-1100
 Attorneys for Amici Curiae
 
Case: 10-2204 Document: 00116286536 Page: 1 Date Filed: 11/03/2011 Entry ID: 5593205
ALSO filed in Cases 10-2207, 10-2214
 
 
{W2706786.3}
LIST OF AMICI CURIAE
Peter W. Bardaglio
 Senior FellowSecond NatureFormerly Professor of HistoryIthaca College
Norma Basch
 Professor EmeritaRutgers University
George Chauncey
 Professor of History andAmerican StudiesYale University
Stephanie Coontz
Professor of History andFamily StudiesThe Evergreen State College
Nancy F. Cott
Jonathan Trumbull Professorof American HistoryHarvard University
Toby L. Ditz
Professor of HistoryJohns Hopkins University
Ariela R. Dubler
George Welwood MurrayProfessor of Legal HistoryColumbia Law School
Laura F. Edwards
Professor of HistoryDuke University
Estelle B. Freedman
Edgar E. Robinson Professorin U.S. HistoryStanford University
Sarah Barringer Gordon
Arlin M. Adams Professorof Constitutional Lawand Professor of HistoryUniversity of Pennsylvania
Michael Grossberg
Sally M. Reahard Professor of History & Professor of LawIndiana University
Hendrik Hartog
Class of 1921 BicentennialProfessor in the History of American Lawand LibertyPrinceton University
Ellen Herman
Professor of HistoryUniversity of Oregon
Martha Hodes
Professor of HistoryNew York University
Linda K. Kerber
May Brodbeck Professorin the Liberal Arts andProfessor of History,Lecturer in LawUniversity of Iowa
Alice Kessler-Harris
R. Gordon Hoxie Professorof HistoryColumbia University
Elaine Tyler May
Regents Professor of American Studies andHistoryUniversity of Minnesota
Steven Mintz
Director, Graduate School of Arts & Sciences TeachingCenter and Professor of HistoryColumbia University
Elizabeth H. Pleck
Professor of HistoryUniversity of Illinois,Urbana/Champaign,Emerita
Carole Shammas
John R. Hubbard Chair inHistory EmeritaUniversity of SouthernCalifornia
Mary L. Shanley
Margaret Stiles Halleck Professor of SocialScienceVassar College
Amy Dru Stanley
Associate Professor of HistoryUniversity of Chicago
Barbara Young Welke
Professor of History andProfessor of LawUniversity of Minnesota
Case: 10-2204 Document: 00116286536 Page: 2 Date Filed: 11/03/2011 Entry ID: 5593205
 
 
{W2706786.3}{W2706786.3}
 
i
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF AUTHORITIES ................................................................................... iii
 
Statement Pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 29(c)(4) ...................... 1
 
Statement Pursuant to Federal Rule of Appellate Procedure 26(c)(5) ...................... 3
 
Summary of the Argument ......................................................................................... 4
 
Argument.................................................................................................................... 5
 
I.
 
Valid Marriage Is a Legal Status Created by the States ........................ 5
 
A.
 
Exclusive State Control ...............................................................5
 
B.
 
Consent as the Basis for Entering Marriage ............................... 8
 
C.
 
States’ Purposes for Marriage: Governance, Social Order,Economic Benefit ......................................................................10
 
D.
 
Channeling of Government Benefits Through MaritalFamilies ..................................................................................... 14
 
E.
 
Variation in States’ Marriage Policies ...................................... 15
 
II. Exceptional Federal Actions in the 19
th
Century ...................................... 21
 
A.
 
Civil War and Reconstruction ................................................... 21
 
B.
 
Polygamy in the Utah Territory ................................................ 23
 
III.
 
Change and Continuity into the Present .............................................. 24
 
A.
 
Changes in Gender and Racial Equality ................................... 25
 
B.
 
Changes in Regulation of Divorce ............................................26
 
C.
 
Continuous Commitment to State Authority ............................27
 
D.
 
The Current Landscape ............................................................. 28
 
Case: 10-2204 Document: 00116286536 Page: 3 Date Filed: 11/03/2011 Entry ID: 5593205

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