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Jayanth Virtual Retinal Display

Jayanth Virtual Retinal Display

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Virtual Retinal Display Seminar Report 2004Government Engineering College, Thrissur 1
 Abstract
The Virtual Retinal Display (VRD) is a personal display device under development at the University of Washington's Human Interface Technology Laboratoryin Seattle, Washington USA. The VRD scans light directly onto the viewer's retina. Theviewer perceives a wide field of view image. Because the VRD scans light directly on theretina, the VRD is not a screen based technology.The VRD was invented at the University of Washington in the Human InterfaceTechnology Lab (HIT) in 1991. The development began in November 1993. The aim wasto produce a full color, wide field-of-view, high resolution, high brightness, low costvirtual display. Microvision Inc. has the exclusive license to commercialize the VRDtechnology. This technology has many potential applications, from head-mounteddisplays (HMDs) for military/aerospace applications to medical society.The VRD projects a modulated beam of light (from an electronic source) directlyonto the retina of the eye producing a rasterized image. The viewer has the illusion of seeing the source image as if he/she stands two feet away in front of a 14-inch monitor. Inreality, the image is on the retina of its eye and not on a screen. The quality of the imagehe/she sees is excellent with stereo view, full color, wide field of view, no flickeringcharacteristics.
 
Virtual Retinal Display Seminar Report 2004Government Engineering College, Thrissur 2 
Introduction
Our window into the digital universe has long been a glowing screen perched on adesk. It's called a computer monitor, and as you stare at it, light is focused into a dime-sized image on the retina at the back of your eyeball. The retina converts the light intosignals that percolate into your brain via the optic nerve.Here's a better way to connect with that universe: eliminate that bulky, power-hungry monitor altogether by painting the images themselves directly onto your retina.To do so, use tiny semiconductor lasers or special light-emitting diodes, one each for thethree primary colors—red, green, and blue—and scan their light onto the retina, mixingthe colors to produce the entire palette of human vision. Short of tapping into the opticnerve, there is no more efficient way to get an image into your brain. And they call it theVirtual Retinal Display, or generally a retinal scanning imaging system.The Virtual Retinal Display presents video information by scanning modulatedlight in a raster pattern directly onto the viewer's retina. As the light scans the eye, it isintensity modulated. On a basic level, as shown in the following figure, the VRDconsists of a light source, a modulator, vertical and horizontal scanners, and imagingoptics (to focus the light beam and optically condition the scan).
 Fig1. Basic block diagram of the Virtual Retinal Display.
The resultant imaged formed on the retina is perceived as a wide field of viewimage originating from some viewing distance in space. The following figure illustratesthe light raster on the retina and the resultant image perceived in space.
 
Virtual Retinal Display Seminar Report 2004Government Engineering College, Thrissur 3 
 Fig2.Illustration of light raster imaged onto the retina and the resultant perceived image.
In general, a scanner (with magnifying optics) scans a beam of collimated lightthrough an angle. Each individual collimated beam is focused to a point on the retina. Asthe angle of the scan changes over time, the location of the corresponding focused spotmoves across the retina. The collection of intensity modulated spots forms the raster image as shown above

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If anyone is interested products Eye One Display 2 can get information and compare products here. http://eyeonedisplay2.com.
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