Virtual Retinal Display Seminar Report 2004Government Engineering College, Thrissur 2
Our window into the digital universe has long been a glowing screen perched on adesk. It's called a computer monitor, and as you stare at it, light is focused into a dime-sized image on the retina at the back of your eyeball. The retina converts the light intosignals that percolate into your brain via the optic nerve.Here's a better way to connect with that universe: eliminate that bulky, power-hungry monitor altogether by painting the images themselves directly onto your retina.To do so, use tiny semiconductor lasers or special light-emitting diodes, one each for thethree primary colors—red, green, and blue—and scan their light onto the retina, mixingthe colors to produce the entire palette of human vision. Short of tapping into the opticnerve, there is no more efficient way to get an image into your brain. And they call it theVirtual Retinal Display, or generally a retinal scanning imaging system.The Virtual Retinal Display presents video information by scanning modulatedlight in a raster pattern directly onto the viewer's retina. As the light scans the eye, it isintensity modulated. On a basic level, as shown in the following figure, the VRDconsists of a light source, a modulator, vertical and horizontal scanners, and imagingoptics (to focus the light beam and optically condition the scan).
Fig1. Basic block diagram of the Virtual Retinal Display.
The resultant imaged formed on the retina is perceived as a wide field of viewimage originating from some viewing distance in space. The following figure illustratesthe light raster on the retina and the resultant image perceived in space.