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Quarries Test & Test Fills

Quarries Test & Test Fills

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Published by: NaughtiusMaximus on Nov 03, 2011
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CECW-EGEngineer Manual1110-2-2301
Department of the Army
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Washington, DC 20314-1000
EM 1110-2-230130 September 1994Engineering and DesignTEST QUARRIES AND TEST FILLS
Distribution Restriction Statement
Approved for public release; distribution isunlimited.
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-2301
U. S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-EG
Washington, D.C. 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-2301 30 September 1994
Engineering and DesignTEST QUARRIES AND TEST FILLS
1. Purpose.
This manual establishes criteria and provides guidance for the investigations precedingtest quarries, for the development of test quarries, and for the planning and conduct of compacted test-fill programs at civil works projects.
2. Applicability.
The provisions of this manual are applicable to all HQUSACE elements, majorsubordinate commands, districts, laboratories, and field operating activities having civil worksresponsibilities.FOR THE COMMANDER:
 
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
EM 1110-2-2301
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
CECW-EG
Washington, DC 20314-1000
ManualNo. 1110-2-2301 30 September 1994
Engineering and DesignTEST QUARRIES AND TEST FILLS
Table of Contents
Subject Paragraph Page Subject Paragraph Page
Chapter 1Introduction
Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1 1-1Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-2 1-1References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3 1-1Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-4 1-1General Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-5 1-1Test Quarry Justification . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-6 1-1
PART 1Test QuarriesChapter 2Investigation Stages
Project Development Phasesand Associated GeotechnicalInvestigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1 2-1Reconnaissance Study Phase . . . . . . . . . . 2-2 2-1Feasibility Study Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3 2-1Preconstruction Engineering andDesign Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-4 2-1Construction Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-5 2-1Operations Phase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-6 2-2
Chapter 3Regional Investigations and Site Reconnaissance
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-1 3-1Initial Regional Geology Studies . . . . . . . 3-2 3-1Field Reconnaissance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3-3 3-1Survey of Existing Excavations . . . . . . . . 3-4 3-1
Chapter 4Field Investigations
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-1 4-1Geologic Mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-2 4-1Geophysical Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . 4-3 4-1Subsurface Explorations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4-4 4-1
Chapter 5Laboratory Testing
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-1 5-1Petrographic Examination . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-2 5-1Weight/Volume Properties . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3 5-1Strength Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-4 5-1Rock Durability Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-5 5-1
Chapter 6Location and Design of Test Quarries
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-1 6-1Evaluation of Project Rock ProductionRequirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-2 6-1Evaluation of Potential Test QuarrySites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-3 6-1Test Quarry Layouts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-4 6-2Gradation Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-5 6-9Deterioration and Incipient FractureExamination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-6 6-12Rock Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-7 6-13
Chapter 7Test Quarry Operations
Supervision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-1 7-1Safety Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-2 7-1Modification of Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-3 7-1Blasting Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-4 7-1Slope Mapping and PresplittingObservations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-5 7-2Rock Quality and Pre-Test FillGradations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7-6 7-3
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