SPE-D TRAINING SESSION
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS & EQUIPMENT
DESIGN STANDARDISATION & DOCUMENTATION GROUP
DOL, RDOL, STARDELTA SCHEMES
Different terminology in schemes:
Any scheme consists of two types of circuits as mentioned below:
1. Power circuit:
It consists of power equipments for switching and protection of thedownstream equipment e.g. ACB, MCCB, fuse switch, power contactor, relays, CTs,etc. Power circuit is generally indicated by the use of thick lines in the scheme drawing.Such that, it can be easily differentiated from the control circuit.
2. Control circuit:
The control circuit consists of
devices with necessary switches and interlocks. It includes the coil circuit of contactors,ACBs, their auxiliary contacts, shunt trips of MCCBs and all indicating lamp circuits.The supply for control circuit is either tapped from one of the phases and neutral of thefeeder directly (or through a control transformer) or from external supplies. Controlfuses are used for protection of control circuit
The rating of control fuses is selectedaccording to the equipments connected in the control circuit.The following nomenclatures are used while referring to a scheme drawing.
For reading convenience, the drawing page on which scheme isdrawn is divided into equal parts. The scheme drawing consists of various differentequipments like contactors, relays, ACBs, MCCBs, etc. These devices consist of power contacts & auxiliary contacts. A specific number denotes each device & itsterminals used in the scheme. The family of a device alongwith its contacts & terminalsare drawn in one of the sections of the drawing page & the section where eachterminal is used is also written alongside. Now the section in which a specified terminalis used also bears a notation alongside, which indicates the section in which the familyof that specified terminal exists & the number of the device to which the terminalbelongs. This is used as a cross-reference for the referring device and vice-versa.(Please refer the drawings attached )
Contacts / Push Buttons:
The push buttons are the switches, which can close or open the circuit whenever it is pressed. The contact is a part which is actuallyresponsible for opening or closing of the circuit. The contacts are basically of two types