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Robin Manet

Robin Manet



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Published by: api-3827000 on Oct 18, 2008
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Dept. of Electronics & Communication,Govt. Engg. College,Thrissur.Seminar Report 2004 MANET:-The Art of Networking without aNetwork 1
In the recent years communication technology and services haveadvanced. Mobility has become very important, as people want to communicateanytime from and to anywhere. In the areas where there is little or noinfrastructure is available or the existing wireless infrastructure is expensive andinconvenient to use, Mobile Ad hoc NETworks, called MANETs, are becominguseful. They are going to become integral part of next generation mobile services.A MANET is a collection of wireless nodes that can dynamically form a network to exchange information without using any pre-existing fixed network infrastructure. The special features of MANET bring this technology greatopportunities together with severe challenges. The military tactical and othersecurity-sensitive operations are still the main applications of ad hoc networks,although there is a trend to adopt ad hoc networks for commercial uses due to theirunique properties. However, they face a number of problems. In this paper, wedescribes the fundamental problems of ad hoc networking by giving its relatedresearch background including the concept, features, status, and applications of MANET. Some of the technical challenges MANET poses are also presentedbased on which the paper points out the related kernel barrier. Some of the keyresearch issues for ad hoc networking technology are discussed in detail that areexpected to promote the development and accelerate the commercial applicationsof the MANET technology.
Dept. of Electronics & Communication,Govt. Engg. College,Thrissur.Seminar Report 2004 MANET:-The Art of Networking without aNetwork 2
During the last decade, advances in both hardware and softwaretechniques have resulted in mobile hosts and wireless networking common andmiscellaneous. Generally there are two distinct approaches for enabling wirelessmobile units to communicate with each other:
1) Infrastructured 
Wireless mobile networks have traditionally been based on thecellular concept and relied on good infrastructure support, in which mobile devicescommunicate with access points like base stations connected to the fixed network infrastructure. Typical examples of this kind of wireless networks are GSM,UMTS, WLL, WLAN, etc.
 2) Infrastructureless:-
As to infrastructureless approach, the mobile wireless network iscommonly known as a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) [1, 2]. A MANET is acollection of wireless nodes that can dynamically form a network to exchangeinformation without using any pre-existing fixed network infrastructure. It hasmany important applications, because in many contexts information exchangebetween mobile units cannot rely on any fixed network infrastructure, but on rapidconfiguration of a wireless connections on-the-fly. Wireless ad hoc networksthemselves are an independent, wide area of research and applications, instead of being only just a complement of the cellular system.
Dept. of Electronics & Communication,Govt. Engg. College,Thrissur.Seminar Report 2004 MANET:-The Art of Networking without aNetwork 3 In this paper, we describes the fundamental problems of ad hocnetworking by giving its related research background including the concept,features, status, and applications of MANET. Some of the technical challengesMANET poses are also presented based on which the paper points out the relatedkernel barrier. Some of the key research issues for adhoc networking technologyare discussed in detail that are expected to promote the development andaccelerate the commercial applications of the MANET technology.The paper is structured as follows. In Section II, the backgroundinformation related to ad hoc wireless networks is introduced; including theMANET concept, difference between wireless LAN and MANET, features,current research status, and some of its applications. The working and variousimportant protocols related to MANET are presented in section III. The variouschallenges related to the implementation of MANET are given in section IV.Section V mainly discusses the key research issues of MANET with the emphasison network layer routing strategies. Finally, we summarize the paper byconclusions in Section VI. Main references are included as section VII.

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