Seminar Report 2004 2Department of Electronics and Communication GEC Thrissur
Millipede is a highly parallel scanning probe based data storage that hasareal storage densities far beyond superparamagnetic limits and data ratescomparable to today’s magnetic recording.At the first glance, millipede looks like a conventional 14 X 7 mm
siliconchip. Mounted at the center of the chip is a miniature two-dimensional array of 1024 ‘v’-shaped cantilevered arms that are 70 µm long and 0.5 µm thick. A nano-sharp fang-like tip, only 20 nm in diameter, hangs from the apex of eachcantilever. The multiplex drivers, allow addressing of each tip individually.Beneath the cantilever array, is a thin layer of polymer film deposited on a movable,three-axis silicon table.
The 2-D AFM cantilever array storage technique called “millipede” is basedon a mechanical parallel x/y scanning of either the entire cantilever array chip or the storage medium. In addition, a feedback-controlled z-approaching and levelingscheme brings the entire cantilever array chip into contact with the storagemedium. The tip-medium contact is maintained and controlled while x/y scanningis performed for read/write. The millipede approach is not based on individual z-feedback for each cantilever ; rather it uses a feedback control for the entire chip,which greatly simplifies the system. However this requires very good control anduniformity of tip height and cantilever bending. Chip approach/leveling makes useof additionally integrated approaching cantilever sensors in the corners of the arraychip to control the approach of the chip to the storage medium. Signals fromthese sensors provide feedback signals to adjust the z-actuators until contact withthe medium is established. Feedback loops maintain the chip leveled and incontact with the surface while x/y scanning is performed for write/read operations.