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Formulas Economia

Formulas Economia

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Published by: api-3827185 on Oct 18, 2008
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APUNTES ECONOM\u00cdA BY PERSAZUL

NOTA: Estos apuntes est\u00e1n sacados del libro \u201dManual de Gesti\u00f3n de Empresa\u201d del Sr.
Garrido Buj. 3\u00aa edici\u00f3n, en el curso 2005 - 2006. Se trata de todas las f\u00f3rmulas de la
parte pr\u00e1ctica de esta asignatura que habr\u00eda que memorizar. Para practicar con ellas,
aconsejo resolver ex\u00e1menes de a\u00f1os anteriores. Espero que os sea de provecho para,

como m\u00ednimo aprobar.
TEMA3\ue000 LAFIGURADELEMPRESARIO
ESPERANZA DEGANANCIAS:
- VALORMONETARIOESPERADO\ue000PF\ue000 Bo\ue000PC\ue000 P
LEYENDA:
PF\ue000 Probabilidad a favor
Bo\ue000Beneficio
PC\ue000 Probabilidad en contra
P\ue000 P\u00e9rdida
(La mejor de las distintas alternativas, ser\u00e1 la de m\u00e1s importe)
FINTEMA3
TEMA4\ue000 MEDICI\u00d3N ECON\u00d3MICA EN LAEMPRESA
VALORDELDINERO
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA CANTIDAD FUTURA: VA\ue000VFn
\ue0011\ue001k\ue002n
- VALORFUTURODEUNA CANTIDAD ACTUALDEUNPERIODO:
VF\ue000 VA\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002
- VALORFUTURODEUNA CANTIDAD ACTUALDEVARIOS PERIODOS:
VFn\ue000VA\ue000\ue0011 \ue001k\ue002n
- TIPODEINTER\u00c9SNOMINAL\ue000 TIPO REAL\ue001 TASAINFLACI\u00d3N\ue001
TIPO REAL\ue000 TASAINFLACI\u00d3N
- TIPO REAL ANUAL\ue000TIPO NOMINAL - TASA DEINFLACI\u00d3N
TASA DEINFLACI\u00d3N\ue001 1
- VALORFUTURODEUNA RENTA POSTPAGABLE\ue000 Q\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002n\ue0001
k
- VALORFUTURODEUNA RENTA PREPAGABLE\ue000 Q\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002n\ue0001
k
\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA RENTA POSTPAGABLE\ue000 Q\ue0001\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue000n
k
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA RENTA PREPAGABLE\ue000 Q\ue0001\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue000n
k
\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA RENTA PERPETUAPREPAGABLE\ue000QK\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA CORRIENTEDEFLUJOS DESIGUALES:
1
VA\ue000 Q1\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue0001
\ue001Q2\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue0002 \ue001...\ue001Qn\ue0001\ue000\ue0011 \ue001k\ue002\ue000\ue001n\ue0001\ue002 \ue001Qn\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue000\ue001
n\ue002
- VALORFUTURODEUNA CORRIENTEDEFLUJOS DESIGUALES:
VFn\ue000Q1\ue000\ue0011 \ue001k\ue002n\ue0001 \ue001Q2\ue000\ue0011 \ue001k\ue002n\ue0002 \ue001... \ue001Qn\ue0001\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue0021\ue001Qn
PERIODOS INFERIORES AL A\u00d1O:

Leyenda:
k\ue000 Intereses
n\ue000 a\u00f1os

m\ue000 N\u00famero de veces que se capitalizan los intereses (anual\ue000 1, semestral\ue000 2,
trimestral\ue000 4 y mensual\ue000 12)
- VALORFUTURODEUNA CUANT\u00cdACAPITALIZADA DURANTE n PERIODOS: VF\ue000

VA\ue000\ue0011\ue001k
m\ue002n\ue000m
- VALOR ACTUALDEUNA CANTIDAD FUTURA DESCONTADAPOR PERIODOS
INFERIORES AL A\u00d1O: VA\ue000
VFn
1\ue001k
mn\ue000m

AMORTIZACI\u00d3N CONSTANTE: (Se trabaja con la amortizaci\u00f3n)
- PRINCIPAL\ue000 En el primer a\u00f1o, lo que pide el individuo prestado (El resultado ser\u00e1 el
principal del siguiente periodo)
- INTERESES\ue000 %que aplicamos al principal
- AMORTIZACI\u00d3N\ue000

Principal
A\u00f1os
- ANUALIDAD\ue000 Amortizaci\u00f3n\ue001 Intereses
- PRINCIPAL VIVO\ue000 Principal - Amortizaci\u00f3n
M\u00c9TODOAMERICANO: (Pagar\u00e1 s\u00f3lo intereses y en el \u00faltimo perido, pagar\u00e1 el
principal)

M\u00c9TODOFRANC\u00c9S: (Se trabaja con la anualidad)
- PRINCIPAL\ue000 En el primer a\u00f1o, lo que pide el individuo prestado (El resultado ser\u00e1 el
principal del siguiente periodo)
- INTERESES\ue000 %que aplicamos al principal

- ANUALIDAD\ue000
Principal
r
donde r\ue000
1\ue000\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue000Q
k

, donde k\ue000 inter\u00e9s y Q\ue000 anualidades.
- AMORTIZACI\u00d3N\ue000 Anualidad - Intereses
- PRINCIPAL VIVO\ue000 Principal - Amortizaci\u00f3n

FINTEMA4
TEMA5\ue000 LAINVERSI\u00d3N EN LAEMPRESA
M\u00c9TODOS DEINVERSI\u00d3N EST\u00c1TICOS
- PAYBACK\ue000A
Q
- FLUJODE CAJATOTALPOR UD MONETARIACOMPROMETIDA(efectuable si r\ue002
1):
-r\ue000Q1\ue001Q2\ue001...\ue001Qn
A
- FLUJODE CAJA MEDIOPOR UD. MONETARIACOMPROMETIDA(efectuable si r\ue002
que lo que marque la empresa):
2
-Q\ue000Q1\ue001Q2\ue001...\ue001Qn
n
-r\ue000QA
M\u00c9TODOS DEINVERSI\u00d3N DIN\u00c1MICOS.
PAYBACKDESCONTADO:
1o:Q1
1\ue001k
2o:Q2
\ue0011\ue001k\ue0022

etc. Hasta que sepamos cuantos flujos hacen falta para cubrir el desembolso inicial.
VAN: Valor anual neto. Efectuable si es positivo.
TIR: Tasa interna de rentabilidad. Efectuable si es mayor que la tasa requerida.

LEYENDA:
k\ue000 inter\u00e9s
g\ue000 inflaci\u00f3n
t\ue000 impuestos

Q\ue000 flujos de caja
A\ue000 desembolso inicial
ra\ue000 TIRaparente
- VAN NORMAL\ue000\ue000A \ue001Q1
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002\ue001Q2
\ue0011\ue001K\ue0022\ue001... \ue001Qn
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002n
- VAN CONINFLACI\u00d3N\ue000\ue000A \ue001
Q1
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002\ue000\ue0011\ue001g\ue002\ue001
Q2
\ue0011\ue001K\ue0022\ue000\ue0011\ue001g\ue0022\ue001... \ue001
Qn
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002n\ue000\ue0011\ue001g\ue002n
- VAN CONIMPUESTOS\ue000\ue000A \ue001Q1\ue000\ue0011\ue000t\ue002
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002\ue001Q2\ue000\ue0011\ue000t\ue002
\ue0011\ue001K\ue0022
\ue001... \ue001Qn\ue000\ue0011\ue000t\ue002
\ue0011\ue001K\ue002n
- VAN CONINVERSI\u00d3NILIMITADA\ue000\ue000A \ue001Qk
- VAN CONINVERSI\u00d3NILIMITADAE INFLACI\u00d3N\ue000\ue000A \ue001
Q
\ue0011\ue001k\ue002\ue000\ue0011\ue001g\ue002\ue0001
- TIRNORMAL OAPARENTE\ue000
\ue000b\ue003 b2\ue0004\ue000a\ue000c
2\ue000a
\ue0001
- TIR REAL OCONINFLACI\u00d3N\ue000ra\ue000g
1\ue001g
- TIRCONINVERSI\u00d3NILIMITADA\ue000QA

- TIRCONINVERSI\u00d3NILIMITADAE INFLACI\u00d3N\ue000 Igualar a 0 la f\u00f3rmula del VAN
CONINVERSI\u00d3NILIMITADAE INFLACI\u00d3N, es decir, sustituir la k por los resultados
que nos den.

k\ue000 0\ue004 VAN(k)\ue000\ue000A \ue001\ue001j\ue0001nQj
k\ue004\ue002 VAN(\ue002)\ue000\ue000A
dVAN\ue001k\ue002
dk
\ue0050
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