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Tutorial 8 Work Energy

# Tutorial 8 Work Energy

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03/18/2014

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Work and Energy
Problems
Work, Constant Force
1. How much work is done by the gravitational force when a 265-kg pile driver falls 2.80 m?
2. A 65.0-kg firefighter climbs a flight of stairs 20.0 m high. How much work is required?
3. A 1300-N crate rests on the floor. How much work is required to move it at constant speed (a) 4.0 m
along the floor against a friction force of 230 N, and (b) 4.0 m vertically?
4. How much work did the movers do (horizontally) pushing a 160-kg crate 10.3 m across a rough floor
without acceleration, if the effective coefficient of friction was 0.50?
5. A box of mass 5.0 kg is accelerated by a force across a floor at a rate of
2
s
m
0
.
2
for 7.0 s. Find the
net work done on the box.
6. Eight books, each 4.3 cm thick with mass 1.7 kg, lie flat on a table. How much work is required to
stack them one on top of another?
Kinetic Energy; Work-Energy Principle
At room temperature, an oxygen molecule, with mass of
26
10
31
.
5
\u2212
\u00d7
J.
10
12
.
6
21
\u2212
\u00d7
How fast is the molecule moving?
How much work must be done to stop a 1250-kg car traveling at
?
h
km
105
1. An 88-g arrow is fired from a bow whose string exerts an average force of 110 N on the arrow over a
distance of 78 cm. What is the speed of the arrow as it leaves the bow?
2. How high will a 1.85-kg rock go if thrown straight up by someone who does 80.0 J of work on it? Neglect
air resistance.
Potential Energy
1. A 7.0-kg monkey swings from one branch to another 1.2 m higher. What is the change in potential energy?
2. By how much does the gravitational potential energy of a 64-kg pole vaulter change if his center of mass
rises about 4.0 m during the jump?