This sector assistance program evaluation assesses the perormance o ADB assistance in the education sector o Uzbekistan or the period 1996-2009. It also identies actors afecting the perormance, and draws lessons and recommendations to eed into the preparation o a country assistance program evaluation and uture education sector operations.The study undertakes strategic and institutional as well as project and program-level perormance evaluation o the sector assistance.
he main challenge o human development in Uzbekistan lies in thedevelopment o skilled and knowledgeable personnel who are able to acilitatethe country’s transition to an internationally competitive economy. Theavailability o quality human resources is critical in eecting this transormation. The government, with the assistance o ADB and other development partners, isseeking to accelerate this transormation. Uzbekistan spends about 8%–9% o itsgross domestic product on education, which is much higher than in countries ata comparable level o development. Ensuringeciency, eectiveness, and sustainability o suchhigh investment in education is a challenge orthe country. The total value o ADB assistance toUzbekistan rom 1996 to 2009 is $1.29 billion, o which $290.5 million (22.5%) were loans to theeducation sector. These were sourced rom boththe ordinary capital resources (72.5%) and theAsian Development Fund (27.5%). In addition,ADB extended 15 technical assistance (TA)projects totaling $6.5 million and a grant o $1.5million rom the Japan Fund or Poverty Reduction.ADB is the leading development partner in thesector in terms o the volume o assistance.
Based on the assessments o the strategic positioning o ADB assistance; contributionto overall development results; and ADB’s institutional perormance, the overallrating o ADB’s strategic and institutional perormance (top–down) is
. The bottom–up rating or education projects in Uzbekistan is
based onassessments o the projects as being relevant, eective, ecient, likely sustainableand with substantial impact. The combined overall rating o all o the projects is
For the past 12 years, ADB has consistently assisted the government in designingthe country’s new education system. ADB-nanced interventions in educationin Uzbekistan were generally inclusive as they targeted the entire school-goingpopulation, including girls. ADB’s interventions also reached a large proportion o parents and amilies, including the poor in the rural areas. They also improved theworking conditions o public employees, including teachers and education sectoradministrators.ADB also addressed specic thematic issues in the sector, laying the basis orthe government’s aspirations on the vocational and technical side, and combiningit with computer skills or pedagogic purposes. ADB’s support has strengthened thecore teaching–learning system by helping develop the Ministry o Public Education’snew curriculum, instruction materials, guidelines, teacher training, textbooks, and byintroducing the textbook rental scheme. There is wide scope or public-private partnerships (PPP) in the education sector.Partnerships or joint ventures with high-quality international universities are anoption. Uzbekistan is now embarking on some signicant reorms through greaterautonomy, school-level committees and management o o-budget resources.
Education Sector in Uzbekistan
ADB-fnanced Textbook Development Projectprovides ree textbook to the poorest studentsand supplies textbook in all core subjects orgrade 6, 7 and 8 in all schools in Uzbekistan.