This special evaluation study brings country perspective and inormation on gender issues,gender results rom ADB-assisted projects, and stakeholders’ view on the challenges or implementing gender mainstreaming. It reports on country-specic experiences with ADB’s gender-related activities, and suggests ways or ADB to improve urther the gender ocus o its assistance.
he Asian Development Bank (ADB) approvedthe Policy on Gender and Development(GAD) in May 1998. ADB’s commitment togender equality and women’s empowermentwas urther enhanced in 2008 with the approvalo Strategy 2020, which includes gender equityas one o the ve drivers o change. ADB’s resultsramework requires that 40% o all public sectorprojects and 50% o projects nanced by theAsian Development Fund (ADF) deliver “signicantgender mainstreaming” by 2012. The study, which was carried out in twophases, assesses ADB’s support to GAD Policybetween 1998 and 2009. Phase 1 assessed therelevance o the Policy and ADB’s broader corporate response to the Policy, and wascompleted in December 2009. Phase 2 brings country perspective and inormation ongender issues, gender results rom ADB-assisted projects, and stakeholders’ view onthe challenges or implementing gender mainstreaming. It reports on country-specicexperiences with ADB’s gender-related activities, and suggests ways or ADB to improveurther the gender ocus o its assistance.
In total, 55 projects were selected through purposive sampling or in-depth assessmentand rating rom GAD perspective. The results show that GAD-related perormance o theprojects was modest. About 51% o the projects were rated successul in GAD-relatedperormance. Gender perormance ratings show that about 82% o the sample projectswere rated GAD relevant or higher; 44% eective or higher in achieving the intendedGAD outcomes; 31% efcient or higher; and 45% likely to be sustainable in terms o continuity o GAD outcomes. This is despite the act that 45 out o the 55 projects in thesample were category I and category II, and they were, thereore, expected to producesubstantial GAD outcomes.Cross-tabulation o overall success ratings or the sample projects, in terms o GAD categories and Strategy 2020 core and noncore and/or other sectors, validates thepresent ocus on category I and category II projects. O the 20 category I and category IIprojects in core sectors, 50% were rated
or higher, whereas o the 25 categoryI and category II projects in noncore and/or other sectors, 60% were rated
or higher. However, o the 10 category III andcategory IV projects, 30% were rated
orhigher and the only highly successul project inthe sample was in category III.
The other ndings o the study include (i)while country gender assessments captured thecountry-specic gender issues and governmentgender priorities, the evidence was weak on theinfuences o country gender assessments toADB’s country partnership strategies;
ADB Support for Gender and Development: Results from Country Case Studies
Women attending lectures or inormal educationprograms in Bangladesh under ADB’s WomenEmpowerment Project.
ADB projects have our gender mainstreamingcategories:
: gender equity as a theme
: eective gender mainstreaming
: some gender benets
: no gender elements
Details o these categories are available at
ADB Support or Gender andDevelopment: Results rom CountryCase Studies
ADB Support or Gender andDevelopment: Relevance,Responsiveness, and Results to Date
ADB Policy on Genderand Development
ADB Management Response
Chair’s Summary o the DevelopmentEectiveness Committee (DEC)