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Networking Interview Questions

Networking Interview Questions

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networking interview questions
network engineer interview questions
ospf
describe ospf in your own words.
ospf areas, the purpose of having each of them
types of ospf lsa, the purpose of each lsa type
what exact lsa type you can see in different areas
how ospf establishes neighboor relation, what the stages are
if ospf router is stucked in each stage what the problem is and how to
troubleshoot it
ospf hierarchy in the single or multi areas. cool ospf behavior in broadcast and
nonbroadcast
draw the diagram of typical ospf network and explain generally how it works, dr,
bdr, election, asbr, abr, route redistribution and summarization
stp
how it works and the purpose
diff types (sstp, mstp, rstp) cisco - pvst/pvst+
root election
diff. port stages and timing for convergence
draw the typical diagram and explain how diff types of stp work
what ports are blocking or forwarding
how it works if there are topology changes
acls
what are they
diff types
write an example if you want to allow and to deny\ufffd
well-known port numbers (dns - 53 and etc )

\ufffd

qos
what is that
what is the diff b/w l2 and l3 qos
how it works
network:
draw the typical network diagram you have to deal with
explain how it works
what part of it you are responsible
firewall, what is that, how it works, how it is diff from acls
what problems with the network you had had and how you solved it.
what are the ways to troubleshoot the network, techniques, commands
network security, ways to achieve it
switching:
vlans
stp
how a l2 switch works with broadcast, unicast, multicast, known/unknown traffic
vrrp, glbp
port monitoring and mirroring
l3 switch, how it works
pim sparse and dense modes

^back to top
windows admin interview questions
describe how the dhcp lease is obtained. it s a four-step process consisting of
\ufffd
(a) ip request, (b) ip offer,
ip selection and (d) acknowledgement.
\ufffd
i can t seem to access the internet, don t have any access to the corporate
\ufffd
\ufffd

network and on ipconfig my address is 169.254.*.*. what happened? the 169.254.*.* netmask is assigned to windows machines running 98/2000/xp if the dhcp server is not available. the name for the technology is apipa (automatic private internet protocol addressing).

we ve installed a new windows-based dhcp server, however, the users do not seem to
\ufffd

be getting dhcp leases off of it. the server must be authorized first with the
active directory.
how can you force the client to give up the dhcp lease if you have access to the
client pc? ipconfig /release
what authentication options do windows 2000 servers have for remote clients? pap,
spap, chap, ms-chap and eap.
what are the networking protocol options for the windows clients if for some
reason you do not want to use tcp/ip? nwlink (novell), netbeui, appletalk (apple).

what is data link layer in the osi reference model responsible for? data link
layer is located above the physical layer, but below the network layer. taking raw
data bits and packaging them into frames. the network layer will be responsible
for addressing the frames, while the physical layer is reponsible for retrieving
and sending raw data bits.
what is binding order? the order by which the network protocols are used for
client-server communications. the most frequently used protocols should be at the
top.
how do cryptography-based keys ensure the validity of data transferred across the
network? each ip packet is assigned a checksum, so if the checksums do not match
on both receiving and transmitting ends, the data was modified or corrupted.
should we deploy ipsec-based security or certificate-based security? they are
really two different technologies. ipsec secures the tcp/ip communication and
protects the integrity of the packets. certificate-based security ensures the
validity of authenticated clients and servers.
what is lmhosts file? it s a file stored on a host machine that is used to resolve

\ufffd
netbios to specific ip addresses.
what s the difference between forward lookup and reverse lookup in dns? forward
\ufffd
lookup is name-to-address, the reverse lookup is address-to-name.
how can you recover a file encrypted using efs? use the domain recovery agent.
^back to top

network engineer/architect interview questions
explain how traceroute, ping, and tcpdump work and what they are used for?
describe a case where you have used these tools to troubleshoot.
what is the last major networking problem you troubleshot and solved on your own
in the last year?
what lan analyzer tools are you familiar with and describe how you use them to
troubleshoot and on what media and network types.
explain the contents of a routing table (default route, next hop, etc.)
what routing protocols have you configured?
describe the commands to set up a route.
what routing problems have you troubleshot?
how do you display a routing table on a cisco? on a host?
how do you use a routing table and for what?
what is a route flap?
what is a metric?
when do you use bgp, igrp, ospf, static routes?
what do you see as current networking security issues (e.g. nfs mounting,
spoofing, one time passwords, etc.)?
describe a routing filter and what it does.
describe an access list and what it does.
what is a network management system?
describe how snmp works.
describe the working environment you are currently in, e.g. frequent
interruptions, frequent priority shifting, team or individual.
what do you use to write documentation? editor? mail reader?

what platform (s) do you currently work on at your desk?
how do you manage multiple concurrent high level projects?
describe a recent short term stressful situation and how you managed it.
how do you manage a long term demanding stressful work environment?
have you worked in an assignment based environment, e.g. work request/trouble
ticket system, and if so, describe that environment.
describe what network statistics or measurement tools you are familiar with and
how you have used them.
describe what a vpn is and how it works.
describe how voip works.
describe methods of qos.
how does tos bit work?

^back to top

ccna/cisco admin interview questions
you need to retrieve a file from the file server for your word processing
application, which layer of the osi model is responsible for this function?
presentation layer
application layer
session layer
transport layer
datalink layer
you are working in a word processing program, which is run from the file server.
your data comes back to you in an unintelligible manner. which layer of the osi
model would you investigate?
application layer
presentation layer
session layer
network layer
datalink layer
the ieee subdivided the datalink layer to provide for environments that need
connectionless or connection-oriented services. what are the two layers called?
physical
mac
llc
session
ip
you are working with graphic translations. which layer of the osi model is
responsible for code formatting and conversion and graphic standards.
network layer
session layer
transport layer
presentation layer
which is the best definition of encapsulation?
each layer of the osi model uses encryption to put the pdu from the upper layer
into its data field. it adds header and trailer information that is available to
its counterpart on the system that will receive it.
data always needs to be tunneled to its destination so encapsulation must be used.

each layer of the osi model uses compression to put the pdu from the upper layer
into its data field. it adds header and trailer information that is available to
its counterpart on the system that will receive it.
each layer of the osi model uses encapsulation to put the pdu from the upper layer
into its data field. it adds header and trailer information that is available to
its counterpart on the system that will receive it.
routers can be configured using several sources. select which of the following
sources can be used.

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