Because o the nancial and economic crisis that hitIndonesia in 1997, limited budgets constrained thegovernment’s delivery o essential and basic services,preventing people—especially the poor—rom accessingquality health care. The sector development programwas designed to address unresponsive structures, rigidorganization, poor incentives, and weak managementsystems that aggravated already poor delivery o health care.
The program aimed tosecure or the poor access to essential health, nutrition,and amily planning;ensure maintenance o the nutritional status o vulnerablegroups; andreduce the incidence and impacts o communicablediseases associated with poverty and malnutrition.
The Ministry o Health’s share o the national budget increased rom 1.2% in 2001 to 2.6%in 2006. Health allocation o subsidies or the poor increased rom $119.3 million in 2004to $304.5 million in 2005, and $402.2 million in 2006. The program was instrumental inmaintaining access, especially that o the poor, to basic health, nutrition, and amily planningservices. The associated policy reorms paved the way or health service delivery that is morelocally managed and poor-oriented. The mix o interventions was responsive to the healthand nutrition requirement o inants, children, and women.
25 March 1999
25 March 1999
22 December 2000 (L1675)28 July 2004 (L1676)
Health and Nutrition Sector Development