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LOGIC > Mashad > Presentation

LOGIC > Mashad > Presentation

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Published by: api-3709182 on Oct 18, 2008
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Logic assignment
Laws of thought
Submitted to:
Miss Fozia Akram
Submitted by:
Mashhad Javaid
Law of thought

The laws of thought are fundamental logical
rules, with a long tradition in the history of
philosophy, which collectively prescribe how a
rational mind must think. To break any of the

laws of t hought (for example, to contradict
oneself) is to be irrational.
Different person gave different ideas about this\u2026
According to Plato:

Socrates, in a Platonic dialogue, described three
principles derived from introspection. He asserted that these
three axioms contradict each other. First , that nothing can
become greater or less, either in number or magnitude, while
remaining equal to itself \u2026 Secondly, that without addition or
subtraction there is no increase or diminution of anything, but
only equality \u2026 Thirdly, that what was not before cannot be
afterwards, without becoming and having become.

According to Aristotle:
The three classic laws of thought are
attributed to Aristotle and were foundational in scholastic logic.

They are:
1) law of identity
2) law of non-contradiction
3) law of excluded middle

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