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Logic > Moazam > Moazzem

Logic > Moazam > Moazzem

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Published by: api-3709182 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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DEDUCTION
PRESENTED TO
MADAM FOZIA
PRESENTED BY
MOAZAM IFTIKHAR
DEDUCTION
\ue000In mathematical logic, natural deduction is an

approach to proof theory that attempts to
provide a formal model of logical reasoning
as it "naturally" occurs.

Arguments and Logic
\ue000Philosophy is based on critical thinking. Critical thinking simply

means that you assume any and every claim is false unless and
until it\u2019s proven true. To get a critical thinker to agree that your
claim is true, you need to provide evidence for that claim. The
claim and its supporting evidence constitute anargument. Every
argument haspremises and ac onclus ion. The conclusion is the
claim that the argument is trying to prove; the premises are the
supporting evidence.

\ue000There are two general types of arguments:deduc tion and
induction. They differ in their concepts of \u201cproof\u201d, the kinds of
evidence they allow, and the strength of their conclusions

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