approach to proof theory that attempts to
provide a formal model of logical reasoning
as it "naturally" occurs.
means that you assume any and every claim is false unless and
until it\u2019s proven true. To get a critical thinker to agree that your
claim is true, you need to provide evidence for that claim. The
claim and its supporting evidence constitute anargument. Every
argument haspremises and ac onclus ion. The conclusion is the
claim that the argument is trying to prove; the premises are the
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