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In October, the number of
(those jobless for 27 weeks and over) declined by366,000 to 5.9 million, or 42.4 percent of total unemployment. (See table A-12.)The
civilian labor force participation rate
remained at 64.2 percent in October, and the
was little changed at 58.4 percent. (See table A-1.)The number of persons employed
part time for economic reasons
(sometimes referred to asinvoluntary part-time workers) decreased by 374,000 to 8.9 million in October. These individuals wereworking part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)In October, 2.6 million persons were
marginally attached to the labor force
, about the same as a yearearlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted andwere available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were notcounted as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey.(See table A-16.)Among the marginally attached, there were 967,000
in October, a decrease of 252,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons notcurrently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.6million persons marginally attached to the labor force in October had not searched for work in the 4weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See tableA-16.)
Establishment Survey Data
nonfarm payroll employment
continued to trend up in October (+80,000).
Over the past 12months, payroll employment has increased by an average of 125,000 per month. In October, private-sector employment increased by 104,000, with continued job growth in professional and businessservices, leisure and hospitality, health care, and mining. Government employment continued to contractin October. (See table B-1.)Employment in
professional and business services
continued to trend up in October (+32,000) and hasgrown by 562,000 over the past 12 months. Within the industry, there have been modest job gains inrecent months in temporary help services and in management and technical consulting services.Employment in
leisure and hospitality
edged up over the month (+22,000). Since a recent low point inJanuary 2010, the industry has added 344,000 jobs.
employment continued to expand in October 2011 (+12,000), following a gain of 45,000 inSeptember. Offices of physicians added 8,000 jobs in October. Over the past 12 months, health care hasadded 313,000 jobs.In October,
employment continued to increase (+6,000); oil and gas extraction accounted forhalf of the increase. Since a recent low point in October 2009, mining employment has risen by 152,000.
employment changed little in October 2011 (+5,000) and has remained flat for 3months. In October, a job gain in transportation equipment (+10,000) was partly offset by small losses inother manufacturing industries.