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3[1].Nen Kinh Te Tri Thuc Khai Niem, Tieu Chi..

3[1].Nen Kinh Te Tri Thuc Khai Niem, Tieu Chi..

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Published by: api-3725916 on Oct 18, 2008
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N\u1ec0N KINH T\u1ebe TRI TH\u1ee8C
KH\u00c1I NI\u1ec6M, TI\u00caU CH\u00cd PH\u1ea2N \u00c1NH V\u00c0 NH\u1eacN D\u1ea0NG
PH\u00c1T TRI\u1ec2N \u1ede N\u01af\u1edaC TATS. Nguy\u1ec5n Tr\u1ea7n Qu\u1ebf
Vi\u1ec7n Kinh T\u1ebf v\u00e0 Ch\u00ednh Tr\u1ecb Th\u1ebf Gi\u1edbi
I. Kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m

N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, c\u00f2n g\u1ecdi l\u00e0 kinh t\u1ebf d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o tri th\u1ee9c (KBE - Knowledge - Based Economy) l\u00e0 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o tri th\u1ee9c, tr\u00ean c\u01a1 s\u1edf ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao. OECD (T\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c v\u00e0 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n kinh t\u1ebf) d\u1ecbch ngh\u0129a: "N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng ph\u1ee5 thu\u1ed9c tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp v\u00e0o vi\u1ec7c s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t ph\u00e2n ph\u1ed1i v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng tri th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 th\u00f4ng tin" (OECD 1996) Di\u1ec5n \u0111\u00e0n h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c kinh t\u1ebf Ch\u00e2u \u00c1 - Th\u00e1i B\u00ecnh D\u01b0\u01a1ng (APEC) \u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a: "N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u00e0 trong \u0111\u00f3 qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t, ph\u00e2n ph\u1ed1i v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng tri th\u1ee9c tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u1ef1c ch\u00ednh cho t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng, cho qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh t\u1ea1o ra c\u1ee7a c\u1ea3i v\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c l\u00e0m trong t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh kinh t\u1ebf\u201d (APEC 2000).

Ng\u00e2n h\u00e0ng Th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi (WB, 2000) \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 "\u0110\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf ti\u00ean phong trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf Th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi, c\u00e1n c\u00e2n gi\u1eefa hai y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 tri th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 c\u00e1c ngu\u1ed3n l\u1ef1c \u0111ang nghi\u00eang v\u1ec1 tri th\u1ee9c. Tri th\u1ee9c th\u1ef1c s\u1ef1 \u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 quan tr\u1ecdng nh\u1ea5t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh m\u1ee9c s\u1ed1ng - h\u01a1n c\u1ea3 y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111ai, h\u01a1n

c\u1ea3 y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 t\u01b0 li\u1ec7u s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t, h\u01a1n c\u1ea3 y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 lao \u0111\u1ed9ng. C\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nh\u1ea5t v\u1ec1 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7
ng\u00e0y nay th\u1ef1c s\u1ef1 \u0111\u00e3 d\u1ef1a v\u00e0o tri th\u1ee9c".
Trong v\u00e0i n\u0103m g\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y, n\u1ed5i l\u00ean m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 c\u00f4ng nh\u1eadn r\u1ed9ng r\u00e3i v\u1ec1 vai tr\u00f2 ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng t\u0103ng c\u1ee7a tri th\u1ee9c
trong c\u00e1c quy tr\u00ecnh s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 s\u1ef1 chuy\u1ec3n bi\u1ebfn c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p th\u00e0nh n\u1ec1n kinh
t\u1ebf d\u1ef1a tr\u00ean c\u01a1 s\u1edf tri th\u1ee9c (KBE).
Trong KBE, kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng s\u00e1ng t\u1ea1o v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh cho s\u1ef1 th\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng c\u1ee7a t\u1ea5t
c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c, trong \u0111\u00f3 c\u00f3 c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh "C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao" v\u00e0 c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng.

M\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n m\u1edbi c\u00f3 li\u00ean quan m\u1eadt thi\u1ebft v\u1edbi xu th\u1ebf ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 xu th\u1ebf \u0111ang n\u1ed5i l\u00ean hi\u1ec7n nay trong s\u1ed1 c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf th\u00e0nh vi\u00ean APEC \u0111\u1ec3 h\u01b0\u1edbng t\u1edbi n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi (New Economy). Trong h\u1ea7u h\u1ebft c\u00e1c n\u0103m g\u1ea7n \u0111\u00e2y c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf APEC ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n nh\u1ea5t, \u0111\u1ea1t nhi\u1ec1u th\u00e0nh t\u00edch cao nh\u1ea5t v\u00e0 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng m\u1ea1nh m\u1ebd, v\u1edbi t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 th\u1ea5t nghi\u1ec7p v\u00e0 m\u1ee9c l\u1ea1m ph\u00e1t th\u1ea5p, \u1ed5n \u0111\u1ecbnh. M\u1ed9t y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 then ch\u1ed1t trong th\u00e0nh t\u00edch \u0111\u00e1ng ghi nh\u1eadn \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 s\u1ef1 gia t\u0103ng nhanh t\u1ed1c \u0111\u1ed9 t\u0103ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t lao \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0 n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t c\u00e1c nh\u00e2n t\u1ed1 t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p - Total Factor Productivity- TFP). V\u00ed d\u1ee5 nh\u01b0 \u1edf M\u1ef9, vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00e0nh t\u00edch t\u0103ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t lao \u0111\u1ed9ng m\u1ea1nh m\u1ebd ch\u00ednh m\u1ed9t ph\u1ea7n l\u00e0 nh\u1edd v\u00e0o vi\u1ec7c t\u0103ng ngu\u1ed3n v\u1ed1n v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 ngu\u1ed3n v\u1ed1n c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin v\u00e0 truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng. B\u00ean c\u1ea1nh \u0111\u00f3, vai tr\u00f2 c\u1ee7a c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin v\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng Intemet t\u0103ng l\u00ean nhanh ch\u00f3ng \u0111\u00e3 d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 t\u01b0 b\u1ea3n v\u00f4 h\u00ecnh, trong \u0111\u00f3 c\u00f3 s\u1ef1 s\u00e1ng t\u1ea1o ra c\u00e1c s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m v\u00e0 d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 m\u1edbi, thi\u1ebft k\u1ebf l\u1ea1i c\u00f4ng t\u00e1c qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd v\u00e0 c\u00e1c quy tr\u00ecnh s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t.

V\u1ec1 kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m, thu\u1eadt ng\u1eef "N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi" \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh theo c\u00e1c quan \u0111i\u1ec3m kh\u00e1c nhau. Trong khi m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 nh\u00e0 ph\u00e2n t\u00edch cho r\u1eb1ng kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m n\u00e0y \u0111\u1ed3ng ngh\u0129a v\u1edbi kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, th\u00ec m\u1ed9t s\u1ed1 c\u00f4ng tr\u00ecnh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u kh\u00e1c cho th\u1ea5y r\u1eb1ng thu\u1eadt ng\u1eef "N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi" li\u00ean quan tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp h\u01a1n \u0111\u1ebfn s\u1ef1 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng b\u1ec1n v\u1eefng v\u00e0 phi l\u1ea1m ph\u00e1t v\u1edbi m\u1ee9c \u0111\u1ed9 \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 cao h\u01a1n v\u00e0o c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng (ICT) v\u00e0 t\u00e1i c\u01a1 c\u1ea5u l\u1ea1i n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf, nh\u01b0 ch\u00fang ta \u0111\u00e3 t\u1eebng ch\u1ee9ng ki\u1ebfn \u1edf M\u1ef9 v\u00e0o cu\u1ed1i nh\u1eefng n\u0103m 90. N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi ch\u00fa tr\u1ecdng v\u00e0o t\u1eebng vai tr\u00f2 ri\u00eang c\u1ee7a ICT v\u00e0 v\u00e0o s\u1ef1 t\u00e1i c\u01a1 c\u1ea5u trong t\u0103ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a t\u1ed5ng y\u1ebfu t\u1ed1 trong khi KBE nh\u1ea5n m\u1ea1nh \u0111\u1ebfn t\u1ea7m quan tr\u1ecdng ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng t\u0103ng c\u1ee7a tri th\u1ee9c trong m\u1ecdi ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng kinh t\u1ebf.

T\u1eeb n\u0103m 2000, U\u1ef7 ban kinh t\u1ebf (EC) c\u1ee7a APEC \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 v\u1ec1 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 xu th\u1ebf \u0111ang n\u1ed5i l\u00ean hi\u1ec7n nay v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi t\u1ea1i c\u00e1c qu\u1ed1c gia thu\u1ed9c APEC, trong \u0111\u00f3 ph\u00e2n t\u00edch c\u00e1c \u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh c\u1ee7a KBE theo 4 kh\u00eda c\u1ea1nh then ch\u1ed1t: m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng kinh doanh, h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1edbi, ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n ngu\u1ed3n nh\u00e2n l\u1ef1c (HRD) v\u00e0 c\u01a1 s\u1edf h\u1ea1 t\u1ea7ng ICT. Nh\u1eadn th\u1ea5y r\u1eb1ng, s\u1ef1 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng kinh t\u1ebf s\u1ebd tr\u1edf n\u00ean b\u1ec1n v\u1eefng nh\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n theo h\u01b0\u1edbng KBE, c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u1ee7a EC \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 v\u1ec1 ph\u1ea1m vi, m\u00e0 trong \u0111\u00f3 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng c\u00e1c \u0111\u1eb7c t\u00ednh c\u1ee7a KBE cho c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf APEC v\u00e0 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh xem x\u00e9t k\u1ef9 l\u01b0\u1ee1ng m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch m\u00e0 c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf APEC \u0111\u00e3 v\u00e0 n\u00ean tu\u00e2n theo nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t lao \u0111\u1ed9ng cao h\u01a1n c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t "ki\u1ec3u m\u1eabu n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi".

EC \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u 16 tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p \u0111i\u1ec3n h\u00ecnh, trong s\u1ed1 12 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf APEC \u0111\u1ec3 ph\u00e1t hi\u1ec7n ra nh\u1eefng b\u1eb1ng ch\u1ee9ng kinh t\u1ebf v\u0129 m\u00f4 v\u00e0 vi m\u00f4 minh ho\u1ea1 v\u1ec1 nh\u1eefng \u00edch l\u1ee3i v\u00e0 nh\u1eefng th\u00e1ch th\u1ee9c n\u1ea3y sinh trong khi theo \u0111u\u1ed5i c\u00e1c ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch c\u01a1 c\u1ea5u, m\u00e0 n\u1ebfu thi\u1ebfu s\u1ef1 \u00e1p d\u1ee5ng c\u00e1c ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch n\u00e0y trong c\u00e1c l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c nh\u01b0 ICT, v\u1ed1n con ng\u01b0\u1eddi, \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1edbi v\u00e0 tinh th\u1ea7n kinh doanh, th\u00ec s\u1ebd kh\u00f4ng mang l\u1ea1i hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3 cho vi\u1ec7c kh\u00edch l\u1ec7 s\u1ef1 chuy\u1ec3n bi\u1ebfn c\u1ea7n thi\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0a c\u00e1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf APEC h\u01b0\u1edbng t\u1edbi ho\u00e0 nh\u1eadp v\u00e0o n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u. B\u00ean c\u1ea1nh \u0111\u00f3 c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u1ee7a EC

c\u0169ng xem x\u00e9t kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c ch\u1eb7t ch\u1ebd h\u01a1n trong kh\u1ed1i APEC \u0111\u1ec3 gi\u00fap c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc th\u00e0nh vi\u00ean
ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n theo h\u01b0\u1edbng n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi v\u00e0 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

Trong c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u1ee7a m\u00ecnh, U\u1ef7 ban Kinh t\u1ebf APEC \u0111\u00e3 ti\u1ebfn h\u00e0nh ph\u00e2n t\u00edch m\u1ed9t lo\u1ea1t c\u00e1c v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 quan tr\u1ecdng li\u00ean quan t\u1edbi c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng l\u1ef1c th\u00fac \u0111\u1ea9y t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi v\u00e0 coi \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 c\u00e1c kh\u00eda c\u1ea1nh c\u1ea7n l\u01b0u \u00fd trong c\u00e1c ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch qu\u1ed1c gia c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc th\u00e0nh vi\u00ean APEC \u0111\u1ec3 h\u01b0\u1edbng t\u1edbi n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi. \u0110\u00f3 l\u00e0 c\u00e1c v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1: Vai tr\u00f2 c\u1ee7a \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1edbi trong ng\u00e0nh d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi; s\u1ef1 \u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p c\u1ee7a ICT cho s\u1ef1 t\u0103ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t lao \u0111\u1ed9ng; c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u v\u00e0 tri\u1ec3n khai (R-D) qu\u1ed1c gia v\u00e0 \u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p c\u1ee7a R-D \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng kinh t\u1ebf, c\u00e1c kinh nghi\u1ec7m t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c v\u00e0 c\u00e1c chi\u1ebfn l\u01b0\u1ee3c kinh doanh; v\u00e0 t\u1ea7m quan tr\u1ecdng c\u1ee7a tinh th\u1ea7n kinh doanh trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf m\u1edbi.

Tri th\u1ee9c th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n \u1edf c\u00e1c \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng, s\u00e1ng ch\u1ebf, ph\u00e1t minh quy tr\u00ecnh,\u2026 trong s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng. Tr\u00ean ph\u01b0\u01a1ng di\u1ec7n h\u00e0nh vi c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 quan s\u00e1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00ec tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t c\u00e1 nh\u00e2n hay m\u1ed9t nh\u00f3m ng\u01b0\u1eddi trong vi\u1ec7c h\u01b0\u1edbng d\u1eabn, thuy\u1ebft ph\u1ee5c nh\u1eefng ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n m\u1ed9t quy tr\u00ecnh t\u1ea1o ra s\u1ef1 chuy\u1ec3n ho\u00e1.

Tr\u00ean ph\u01b0\u01a1ng di\u1ec7n kinh t\u1ebf, tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 t\u01b0 li\u1ec7u s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t. N\u00f3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c sinh ra, trao \u0111\u1ed5i v\u00e0 s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ec3 t\u1ea1o ra s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m v\u00e0 d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5. Tri th\u1ee9c ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1, c\u00f3 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb v\u00e0 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c mua b\u00e1n tr\u00ean th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng.

\u0110o l\u01b0\u1eddng v\u00e0 \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t vi\u1ec7c kh\u00f3. V\u00ec n\u00f3 l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m v\u00f4 h\u00ecnh, tr\u1eebu t\u01b0\u1ee3ng, chuy\u1ec3n t\u1ea3i b\u1eb1ng th\u00f4ng tin (v\u00ec v\u1eady, c\u00f3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi quan ni\u1ec7m n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf th\u00f4ng tin) v\u00e0 trong kinh t\u1ebf th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng, gi\u00e1 c\u1ea3 ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh v\u00e0 x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh th\u00f4ng qua th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng, qua tho\u1ea3 thu\u1eadn gi\u1eefa ng\u01b0\u1eddi mua v\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi b\u00e1n. Mu\u1ed1n th\u1ebf, tri th\u1ee9c ph\u1ea3i x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c s\u1edf h\u1eefu v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o trong x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i th\u1ef1c thi nghi\u00eam ng\u1eb7t s\u1edf h\u1eefu tr\u00ed tu\u1ec7. Nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd cao theo ph\u01b0\u01a1ng th\u1ee9c th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng khoa h\u1ecdc c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u1ed9t tr\u1ee5 c\u1ee7a kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

Tri th\u1ee9c c\u00f3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c khi con ng\u01b0\u1eddi r\u00fat ra kinh nghi\u1ec7m trong s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng, h\u1ecdc h\u1ecfi ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c v\u00e0 t\u1eeb ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u, tri\u1ec3n khai khoa h\u1ecdc c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7. V\u00ec v\u1eady, m\u1ed9t c\u1ed9t tr\u1ee5 n\u1eefa c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 ngu\u1ed3n nh\u00e2n l\u1ef1c v\u1edbi ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cao.

Tri th\u1ee9c \u0111i v\u00e0o s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t ch\u1ee7 y\u1ebfu qua c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao. C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao v\u1eeba l\u00e0 k\u1ebft tinh c\u1ee7a tri th\u1ee9c, v\u1eeba l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng c\u1ee5, ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ti\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a tri th\u1ee9c t\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed9ng v\u00e0o kinh t\u1ebf v\u00e0 \u0111\u1eddi s\u1ed1ng nh\u00e2n d\u00e2n. V\u00ec v\u1eady, ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta cho r\u1eb1ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao l\u00e0 c\u1ed1t l\u00f5i c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. Ch\u00fang ta c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 coi c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t c\u1ed9t tr\u1ee5 c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

M\u1ed9t c\u1ed9t tr\u1ee5 n\u1eefa c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c l\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng l\u01b0\u1edbi c\u01a1 s\u1edf h\u1ea1 t\u1ea7ng ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 m\u1ea1ng
B\u01b0u ch\u00ednh vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng, Intemet.
Nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c c\u00f3 4 c\u1ed9t tr\u1ee5 l\u00e0 C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao, nh\u00e2n l\u1ef1c ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cao, c\u01a1 s\u1edf h\u1ea1
t\u1ea7ng kinh t\u1ebf v\u00e0 th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng.

Trong m\u1ed9t x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i, m\u1ed9t qu\u1ed1c gia, n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c t\u1ed3n t\u1ea1i song song v\u1edbi kinh t\u1ebf n\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p, c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p, d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 v\u00e0 c\u00f3 khi ch\u00fang k\u1ebft h\u1ee3p, tr\u1ed9n l\u1eabn v\u1edbi nhau trong m\u1ed9t s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m. N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf M\u1ef9, c\u00f3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi \u0111\u00e1nh gi\u00e1 l\u00e0 20% thu\u1ed9c kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, n\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p ch\u1ec9 c\u00f2n 1,3%, l\u00e0 qu\u1ed1c gia d\u1eabn \u0111\u1ea7u th\u1ebf gi\u1edbi hi\u1ec7n nay v\u1ec1 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. X\u00e3 h\u1ed9i lo\u00e0i ng\u01b0\u1eddi v\u1ec1 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng di\u1ec7n kinh t\u1ebf \u0111i t\u1eeb tr\u1ed3ng tr\u1ecdt, ch\u0103n nu\u00f4i l\u00ean ti\u1ec3u th\u1ee7 c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p, c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p \u0111\u1ea1i c\u01a1 kh\u00ed v\u00e0 nay b\u1eaft \u0111\u1ea7u chuy\u1ec3n sang kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. C\u00f4ng ty Microsoft l\u00e0 c\u00f4ng ty \u0111i\u1ec3n h\u00ecnh v\u1ec1 n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

N\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u1ea3n \u1ea3nh, \u0111o l\u01b0\u1eddng, \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u01b0\u1ee3ng b\u1eb1ng th\u1ed1ng k\u00ea nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o; \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0
v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 m\u1edbi \u0111\u1eb7t ra cho c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 kinh t\u1ebf, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 c\u00e1c nh\u00e0 th\u1ed1ng k\u00ea.
II. Ti\u00eau ch\u00ed ph\u1ea3n \u00e1nh n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c
1. V\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 t\u00ednh gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

V\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 m\u1ea5u ch\u1ed1t l\u00e0 v\u1ea1ch ra kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. S\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u00f3 h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ch\u1ea5t x\u00e1m cao l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. Nh\u01b0ng h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cao l\u00e0 bao nhi\u00eau v\u00e0 ch\u1ea5t x\u00e1m \u0111o b\u1eb1ng g\u00ec?

C\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m m\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m l\u00e0 c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh m\u00e1y t\u00ednh c\u00f3 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb gia t\u0103ng th\u01b0\u1eddng tr\u00ean 80% \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c coi l\u00e0 b\u1ed9 ph\u1eadn c\u1ea5u th\u00e0nh c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. Tuy nhi\u00ean, nh\u1eefng s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m (v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t v\u00e0 d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5) c\u00f3 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam tr\u00ean 50% nh\u01b0ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u1ea1o ra b\u1edfi \u0111\u1ed9i ng\u0169 lao \u0111\u1ed9ng cao c\u1ea5p, ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cao (\u0111\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc tr\u1edf l\u00ean) l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

S\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u1ee7a R - D c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c coi l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. Nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, t\u1ed5ng kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n (trao \u0111\u1ed5i mua b\u00e1n) tr\u00ean th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng khoa h\u1ecdc C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u00ednh v\u00e0o t\u1ed5ng gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

C\u00e1c khu C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao t\u1ea1o ra c\u00e1c s\u00e1ng ch\u1ebf, ph\u00e1t minh v\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m c\u00f3 h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng ch\u1ea5t x\u00e1m cao c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 coi l\u00e0 thu\u1ed9c khu v\u1ef1c kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. Gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c khu C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c t\u00ednh trong GDP c\u1ee7a khu v\u1ef1c kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

C\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p n\u00e0o thu\u1ed9c v\u1ec1 khu v\u1ef1c kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c? C\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111i\u1ec1u tra \u0111\u1ec3 l\u1eadp danh s\u00e1ch c\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p n\u00e0y, t\u00ednh gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam c\u1ee7a h\u1ecd trong n\u0103m, t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p ri\u00eang \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00ednh GDP c\u1ee7a khu v\u1ef1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c trong n\u0103m.

C\u00e1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p \u0111a ng\u00e0nh, \u0111a l\u0129nh v\u1ef1c c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111i\u1ec1u tra \u0111\u1ec3 x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t thu\u1ed9c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c trong gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb s\u1ea3n xu\u1ea5t c\u1ee7a h\u1ecd \u0111\u1ec3 t\u1eeb \u0111\u00f3 t\u00ednh ra t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 v\u00e0 kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam \u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p c\u1ee7a h\u1ecd v\u00e0o khu v\u1ef1c n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

2. C\u00e1c ti\u00eau ch\u00ed ph\u1ea3n \u00e1nh s\u1ef1 chuy\u1ec3n d\u1ecbch sang n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

- T\u1ed5ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t c\u00e1c nh\u00e2n t\u1ed1 t\u1ed5ng h\u1ee3p (TFP)
- T\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 \u0111\u00f3ng g\u00f3p c\u1ee7a R - D trong GDP.
- T\u1ed5ng chi ti\u00eau x\u00e3 h\u1ed9i cho R - D, trong \u0111\u00f3 ph\u1ea7n c\u1ee7a Nh\u00e0 n\u01b0\u1edbc.

- Gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb chuy\u1ec3n giao c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7. C\u00e1c kho\u1ea3n chi tr\u1ea3 tr\u1ef1c ti\u1ebfp ho\u1eb7c ti\u1ec1n b\u1ea3n quy\u1ec1n \u0111\u1ec3 mua c\u00f4ng

ngh\u1ec7 trong to\u00e0n n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf
- T\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 chi ti\u00eau cho R - D khu v\u1ef1c doanh nghi\u1ec7p.
- T\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 lao \u0111\u1ed9ng tham gia v\u00e0o ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng R - D.
- S\u1ed1 l\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u00e1c t\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7, R - D.
- T\u1ed5ng s\u1ed1 ng\u01b0\u1eddi ti\u1ebfp c\u1eadn Internet.
- T\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng thu\u00ea bao \u0111i\u1ec7n tho\u1ea1i v\u00e0 s\u1ed1 \u0111i\u1ec7n tho\u1ea1i thu\u00ea bao t\u00ednh cho 1000 d\u00e2n.
- C\u00e1c ch\u1ec9 ti\u00eau ph\u1ea3n \u00e1nh s\u1ef1 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng khoa h\u1ecdc c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7.
- C\u00e1c ch\u1ec9 ti\u00eau ph\u1ea3n \u00e1nh s\u1ef1 h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh v\u00e0 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i \u0111i\u1ec7n t\u1eed.
- C\u00e1c ch\u1ec9 ti\u00eau \u0111\u00e0o t\u1ea1o ngu\u1ed3n nh\u00e2n l\u1ef1c ch\u1ea5t l\u01b0\u1ee3ng cao, trong \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u00e0o t\u1ea1o c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin.

- Doanh s\u1ed1 c\u1ee7a ng\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin, c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p ph\u1ea7n m\u1ec1m v\u00e0 t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 t\u0103ng tr\u01b0\u1edfng c\u1ee7a
ch\u00fang qua c\u00e1c n\u0103m.
III. Nh\u1eadn d\u1ea1ng n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c \u1edf n\u01b0\u1edbc ta

Trong b\u1ed1i c\u1ea3nh chung to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng chuy\u1ec3n d\u1ecbch mang t\u00ednh c\u01a1 c\u1ea5u nh\u01b0 cu\u1ed9c c\u00e1ch m\u1ea1ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng tin v\u00e0 truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng, nh\u1eefng ti\u1ebfn b\u1ed9 nhanh ch\u00f3ng v\u00e0 v\u01b0\u1ee3t b\u1eadc c\u1ee7a khoa h\u1ecdc - c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7, l\u00e0n s\u00f3ng to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u ho\u00e1 kinh t\u1ebf d\u00e2ng m\u1ea1nh th\u00fac \u0111\u1ea9y c\u1ea1nh tranh tr\u00ean quy m\u00f4 to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u, nh\u1eefng thay \u0111\u1ed5i trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf v\u0103n ho\u00e1, l\u1ed1i s\u1ed1ng v\u00e0 th\u1ecb y\u1ebfu c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi ti\u00eau d\u00f9ng khi thu nh\u1eadp t\u0103ng l\u00ean, c\u00e1c qu\u1ed1c gia \u0111ang chu\u1ea9n b\u1ecb cho m\u00ecnh khung ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch \u0111\u1ec3 th\u00edch \u1ee9ng v\u1edbi b\u1ed1i c\u1ea3nh m\u1edbi \u0111\u00f3.

Ph\u00e2n t\u00edch chi\u1ebfn l\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ec9nh th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c qu\u1ed1c gia, ch\u00fang ta th\u1ea5y c\u00e1c \u01b0u ti\u00ean ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch chung sau: x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng m\u1ed9t m\u1ea1ng vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n, c\u01b0\u1edbc ph\u00ed r\u1ebb v\u00e0 hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3; t\u0103ng n\u0103ng su\u1ea5t th\u00f4ng qua c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh kinh doanh c\u00f3 h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng th\u00f4ng tin v\u00e0 gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb t\u0103ng th\u00eam cao; t\u0103ng t\u00ednh c\u1ea1nh tranh c\u1ee7a khu v\u1ef1c c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p v\u00e0 th\u01b0\u01a1ng m\u1ea1i; h\u1ed7 tr\u1ee3 khu v\u1ef1c d\u1ecbch v\u1ee5 th\u00f4ng tin; \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 t\u1eadp trung cho gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c v\u00e0 \u0111\u00e0o t\u1ea1o (\u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c k\u1ef9 thu\u1eadt) k\u1ebft h\u1ee3p v\u1edbi c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh h\u1ecdc t\u1eadp su\u1ed1t \u0111\u1eddi v\u00e0 n\u00e2ng cao k\u1ef9 n\u0103ng; n\u00e2ng cao m\u1eb7t b\u1eb1ng d\u00e2n tri, ng\u01b0\u1eddi d\u00e2n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00f4ng tin t\u1ed1t v\u00e0 tham gia s\u00e2u r\u1ed9ng h\u01a1n v\u00e0o n\u1ec1n d\u00e2n ch\u1ee7, c\u00e1c chi\u1ebfn l\u01b0\u1ee3c \u1ee7ng h\u1ed9 v\u00e0 b\u1ea3o t\u1ed3n c\u00e1c gi\u00e1 tr\u1ecb v\u0103n ho\u00e1.

Ng\u00e0y nay, c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 g\u1eb7t h\u00e1i nh\u1eefng c\u01a1 may c\u1ee7a l\u00e0n s\u00f3ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u1edbi. H\u1ecd ho\u00e0n to\u00e0n c\u00f3 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng b\u1eaft k\u1ecbp nhanh ch\u00f3ng c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i tr\u01b0\u1edbc b\u1edfi ch\u00ednh t\u00ednh \u01b0u vi\u1ec7t c\u1ee7a l\u00e0n s\u00f3ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u1edbi hi\u1ec7n nay. L\u00e0 n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau, h\u1ecd kh\u00f4ng c\u1ea7n ph\u1ea3i ph\u00e1t minh l\u1ea1i nh\u1eefng g\u00ec s\u1eb5n c\u00f3. Nhi\u1ec7m v\u1ee5 ch\u00ednh c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau l\u00e0 m\u1edf c\u1eeda tri th\u1ee9c v\u00e0 \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng t\u1eeb c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i

tr\u01b0\u1edbc. V\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u1eb7t ra \u1edf \u0111\u00e2y l\u00e0: S\u1ea3nxu\u1ea5t ra c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 m\u1edbi l\u00e0 r\u1ea5t quan tr\u1ecdng song \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi v\u1ecb th\u1ebf
c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau n\u0103ng l\u1ef1c "b\u1eaft ch\u01b0\u1edbc" v\u00e0 h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u s\u1ed1ng c\u00f2n. Ch\u00ednh v\u00ec v\u1eady,

hai ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch m\u1edf c\u1eeda th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 cho gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 hai tr\u1ee5 c\u1ed9t c\u1ee7a khung ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch cho c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111ang ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n \u0111\u00f3n b\u1eaft xu th\u1ebf kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c. M\u1edf c\u1eeda th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng gi\u00fap \u0111\u1ea9y nhanh qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh chuy\u1ec3n giao tri th\u1ee9c c\u00f2n gi\u00e1o d\u1ee5c s\u1ebd gi\u00fap n\u00e2ng cao n\u0103ng l\u1ef1c h\u1ea5p th\u1ee5 tri th\u1ee9c c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t qu\u1ed1c gia. Nh\u01b0 v\u1eady, trong th\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1i kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, l\u1ee3i th\u1ebf so s\u00e1nh c\u1ee7a n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau n\u1eb1m trong kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng \u1ee9ng d\u1ee5ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 ngu\u1ed3n t\u1eeb c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i tr\u01b0\u1edbc ch\u1ee9 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 kh\u1ea3 n\u0103ng ph\u00e1t minh ra c\u00e1c c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 \u0111\u00f3.

\u0110\u1ed1i v\u1edbi n\u01b0\u1edbc ta, ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch ch\u01b0a h\u01b0\u1edbng m\u1ea1nh sang h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh v\u00e0 ph\u00e1t tri\u1ec3n n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c.

- M\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng ch\u00ednh s\u00e1ch v\u0129 m\u00f4 c\u1ee7a Vi\u1ec7t Nam ch\u01b0a khuy\u1ebfn kh\u00edch c\u00e1c ng\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng nghi\u1ec7p c\u00f3 h\u00e0m l\u01b0\u1ee3ng tri th\u1ee9c cao. Vi\u1ec7t Nam ch\u01b0a h\u00ecnh th\u00e0nh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ed9t c\u01a1 ch\u1ebf h\u1ee3p t\u00e1c hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3 gi\u1eefa gi\u1edbi khoa h\u1ecdc v\u00e0 gi\u1edbi doanh nghi\u1ec7p.

- Vi\u1ec7t Nam ch\u01b0a c\u00f3 m\u1ed9t h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1ecbnh ch\u1ebf t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 v\u00e0o c\u00e1c ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ed5i m\u1edbi. Trong n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf tri th\u1ee9c, ngu\u1ed3n t\u00e0i ch\u00ednh l\u00e0 \u0111i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n ti\u00ean quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ec3 bi\u1ebfn \u00fd t\u01b0\u1edfng th\u00e0nh tri th\u1ee9c, th\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7, do \u0111\u00f3 Vi\u1ec7t Nam c\u1ea7n x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 cho ho\u1ea1t \u0111\u1ed9ng s\u1ea3n sinh ra tri th\u1ee9c, \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t l\u00e0 lo\u1ea1i h\u00ecnh qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea7u t\u01b0 m\u1ea1o hi\u1ec3m.

- C\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc \u0111i sau \u0111ang tr\u00f4ng ch\u1edd v\u00e0o m\u00f4 h\u00ecnh khu c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao hay v\u01b0\u1eddn \u01b0\u01a1m doanh nghi\u1ec7p c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 nh\u01b0 l\u00e0 c\u1ee9u c\u00e1nh trong l\u00e0n s\u00f3ng c\u00e1ch m\u1ea1ng c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 hi\u1ec7n nay. Vi\u1ec7c x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng th\u00e0nh c\u00f4ng m\u1ed9t khu c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7 cao kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 l\u00e0 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 h\u1ea1 t\u1ea7ng c\u01a1 s\u1edf hay m\u1ed9t v\u00e0i ch\u00ednh

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