land but all such gallant endeavors were individualistic and limited in scope and effects.Except the Khudai Khidmatgar Movement of the early 20th century, none of the oppositionmovements against the foreign aggressors were organized political movements in thetechnical sense. Hence, they could not capitalize on the unprecedented sacrifices rendered inthose movements by all segments of Pakhtun society.The new circumstances have put our region into a fluid situation that may unfold in a numberof scenarios. Probably, Pakhtun land will be the center stage of many events with radicalimplications for its people. This has made the assessment of the present state of affairs, amatter of great exigency. It is, therefore, imperative that the probable developments must berationally conceived and a proactive response be formulated and presented before thePakhtun masses.This region is in the grip of momentous changes. Pakhtuns
will once againbe the fuel for foreign rivalries. Therefore, Pakhtun National Movement must be resurrectedand redefined along scientific and modern democratic lines so that Pakhtun national interestscould be actualized in the best possible way.In order to create democratic structures and systems along scientific lines, which will carryPakhtun national aspirations towards the desired goals, it is imperative to make an analyticalstudy of the prevailing sociopolitical and economic conditions of Pakhtun society. Thisanalysis will help in creating a framework to build a national movement of all Pakhtuns alongscientific lines. The grand aim of this Pashtun National Movement (See Annexure A fordetails) is to bring to an end the colonial division of Pashtuns and unite them in a singleadministrative unit of Pashtunkhwa. It is only by exercising their democratic rights andcontrol over their resources that Pakhtun men and women can achieve full empowerment.The southern Pashtunkhwa or Pashtun belt of Balochistan is a vital part of the efforts fornational unity. The National Democratic Consultative Process (NDCP) intends to conductthorough research on the problems and prospects of Southern Pashtunkhwa that will besubsequently added to this document. Before that, however, a cursory look at the history of Pashtun National Movement seems desirable.
PAKHTUN NATIONAL MOVEMENT IN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Long before the efforts of Pir Roshan to unite Pakhtuns on his revolutionary mysticism and
long before Khushal Khan Khattak’s call for defending the honour of Afghans
(Pakhtuns),Ghories and Lodhies had formed vast empires. But these empires were centered and based inforeign lands far away from the high mountain peaks and stormy rivers of Pakhtunkhwa.Rising high in their pride of Pakhtun nature, silent and magnificent, the mountain ranges of Hindu Kosh, Solayman, Toba, Khyber, Maban, Malakand, and Lawaghar have been gravelypondering over the tragedy of Pakhtuns. Representing the typical Central Asian nature, thesemountains present a very poignant symbolism of the culture and history of Pakhtunkhwa.Their defiant looks symbolize the determination of Pakhtuns to continue their struggle againstall odds.
ېک اخ کڅ نوغ ګند د
ےک يش هن رتفر نوس ټ هپ
"Living beside the towering peaks of high mountains, Subjugation is simply unacceptable."Pakhtuns are basically a Central Asian stock. In fact they are one of the largest nation of Central Asia. Pakhtunkhwa, thanks to its peculiar geography, could absorb the ancient
cultural traditions of both Avesta and Sanskrit. Nawroz (or New Year’s day falling on March
21) keeps the memory of Zoroastrian times alive and the contents of some Vedas point