RNA. E. ea and b are membrane lipids, with long chains. AMP (adenosine monophosphate) and RNA are not lipids.4 Which of the following statements (a-d) is/are
Acetyl CoA is a biosynthetic precursor of fatty acids. b.
Triacylglycerols contain two carboxylic ester bonds.c.
The metabolically active form of a fatty acid (for oxidation) is a thioester.d.
pyrophosphate hydrolysis is thermodynamicallyunfavorable.A. a and c are trueB. a and b are trueC. only c is trueD. only d is trueE. a and d are trueB is false because TAGS contain 3 carboxylic ester bonds not 2. D is false because the hydrolysis of pyrophosphate is thermodynamically favorable, because pyruvate contains a high energy phosphoanyhdridelinkage5 Which of the following statements is
The oxidative degradation of fatty acids to give acetylCoA generates NADH, but not FADH
Nearly all fatty acids found in plants have an odd number of carbons.c.
The oxidation of fatty acids occurs in the mitochondria of a cell.A. a and b are falseB. only b is falseC. only a is falseD. only c is falseE. None are falseA is false because FADH
is formed by acyl-CoA dehydrogenase(reaction 1) of beta-oxidation. B is wrong because most are even.6 The final species to be reduced in the electron transport chain isa.
none of the aboveA. aB. bC. cD. dE. eOxygen is reduced by the addition of electrons in the final step to produce water.7The
-oxidation of fatty acids is not characterized bya.
initiation at the methyl end of the fatty acid b.
its role as primary route to degradation of fatty acidsc.
taking place in the mitochondrial matrixd.
two-carbon units being eliminated at each stepA. aB. bC. cD. dA is false because the fatty acids are activated at the carboy end byreacting with ATP to give RCOO-AMP which the reacts withCoASH to give the acyl-CoA8 Which of the following are major physiologic functions of FREE