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World Energy in 2006

World Energy in 2006

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W\ue002r\ue001d Energ\ue006 in 2006

The World Energy Council (WEC) is the foremost multi-energy organisation in the world today. The WEC has Member Committees in over 90 countries, including most of the largest energy-producing and energy- consuming countries. Established in 1923, the WEC covers all types of energy, including coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear, hydro, and renewables, and is UN-accredited, non-governmental, non-commercial and non- aligned. The WEC\u2019s mission is \u201cto promote the sustainable supply and use of energy for the greatest ben- efit of all people.\u201d

Copyright \u00a9 2006 World Energy Council

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or trans- mitted in any form or by any means electronic, electrostatic, magnetic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of the copyright holder.

Except where expressly stated, the opinions and views in this publication are solely those of the individual authors/contributors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or views of the World Energy Council. The World Energy Council is not liable for any errors or omissions, factual or otherwise, in the material herein, or for any damages caused by the use of such material by third parties.

Published in June 2006 by:
World Energy Council
5th Floor, Regency House
1-4 Warwick Street
London W1B 5LT
United Kingdom

ISBN 0946 121 222
Marie-Jos\u00e9 Nadeau, Chair, WEC
Communications and Outreach Committee

This inaugural edition of World Energy in 2006 could not have been achieved without the valu- able contributions of those WEC members who participated in the Taskforce and the Advisory and Editorial Boards. As the Chair of the WEC\u2019s Communications & Outreach Committee, I would like to thank the following members for their vision, leadership and dedication:

u Mich\ue000e\ue001 Gibb\ue002ns \u2013 Executive Committee
Member, British Energy Association
u Dr Hish\ue000m Kh\ue000tib \u2013 Chairman, Electricity
Regulatory Commission, Jordan
u M\ue000r\ue006 M\u2019M\ue004kindi\ue000 \u2013 Managing Director,
National Oil Corporation, Kenya
u Tim R\ue002cke\ue001\ue001 \u2013 Global Executive Director,
Energy & Natural Resources, KPMG
u Dr C\ue000rsten R\ue002\ue001\ue001e \u2013 Member Committee
Secretary, WEC Germany
u Efr\ue000\u00edn C\ue000rrer\ue000 S\ue000\ue004d \u2013 President, CVG
Edelca, Venezuela
u Dr H\ue000rdi\ue005 Sit\ue004me\ue000ng \u2013 Senior Advisor to
the President Director of PT PLN (Persero),
u B\ue000rr\ue006 W\ue002rthingt\ue002n \u2013 Executive Director,
US Energy Association (USEA)
u R\ue002n W\ue002\ue002d \u2013 Chair, WEC Programme
The WEC is also very grateful to all of the
authors \u2013 without whom there would be no
World Energy in 2006.
W\ue002r\ue001d Energ\ue006 in 20061
FoREWoRD: The f\ue004t\ue004re \ue002f energ\ue006, t\ue002d\ue000\ue006
Andr\u00e9 Caill\u00e9, Chairman, World Energy Council
NuClEaR ENERGy: acce\ue001er\ue000ting the n\ue004c\ue001e\ue000r ren\ue000iss\ue000nce
John Ritch, Director General, World Nuclear Association
INvESTMENT: Re\ue000ching the $17 tri\ue001\ue001i\ue002n t\ue000rget
Michael Bray, Partner, Energy and Natural Resources, KPMG
Supply aND DEMaND: Intern\ue000ti\ue002n\ue000\ue001 interests \ue000nd tensi\ue002ns
Enno Harks, Senior Expert, Energy and Resources Research Unit, Department of
Global Issues, SWP \u2013 German Institute for International and Security Affairs
SuSTaINaBIlITy: Intern\ue000ti\ue002n\ue000\ue001 c\ue002\ue002\ue003er\ue000ti\ue002n \u2013 the ke\ue006 t\ue002 \ue000 sec\ue004re,
s\ue004st\ue000in\ue000b\ue001e energ\ue006 f\ue004t\ue004re
Bret Mattes, Vice President, Australia/Asia Gas, BHP Billiton Gas & Power and
Robert Pritchard, Managing Director, ResourcesLaw International
lIquEFIED NaTuRal GaS: F\ue004e\ue001\ue001ing the f\ue004t\ue004re \u2013 the tr\ue000nsiti\ue002n t\ue002 \ue000
g\ue001\ue002b\ue000\ue001 lNG m\ue000rket
Linda Cook, Executive Director, Gas and Power, Shell
uNCoNvENTIoNal oIl: The C\ue000n\ue000di\ue000n \ue002i\ue001 s\ue000nds \u2013 t\ue002m\ue002rr\ue002w\u2019s \ue002i\ue001,
t\ue002d\ue000\ue006\u2019s \ue002\ue003\ue003\ue002rt\ue004nit\ue006
Robert Skinner, former Director, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies
SuSTaINaBlE ENERGy: Ing\ue000 \u2013 \ue003\ue002wering afric\ue000\u2019s f\ue004t\ue004re
Thulani Gcabashe, Chief Executive, Eskom
alTERNaTIvE ENERGy: Red\ue004cing the de\ue003endence \ue002n \ue002i\ue001
Ildo Sauer, Gas and Energy Director, Petrobras
ENERGy polICy: an integr\ue000ted \ue003\ue002\ue001ic\ue006 f\ue002r Indi\ue000
Pradeep Chaturvedi, Chairman, Safety & Quality Forum, Institute of Engineers, India
THE FuTuRE: l\ue002\ue002king f\ue002rw\ue000rd \u2013 \ue000 g\ue001\ue002b\ue000\ue001 \ue005iew
Jean-Claude Lauzon, Richard Preng, Bojan Pavlovic, Korn/Ferry International
World Energy in 2006
\ue000Oil prices have broken record highs. Hurricane

Katrina devastates a major city in the US. Nuclear energy is back. Angelina Jolie addresses the World Economic Forum in Davos on the problem of refu- gees. Booming growth in China, India and Brazil has turned the energy world upside down. New energy investments have exceeded the $1 trillion mark and Russia turns off its gas to 60 million peo- ple in Ukraine. Almost one out of every four people continues to live without access to modern energy. Which of these issues will we remember when we think back to \ue000006?

As the Chairman of the World Energy Coun-
cil (WEC) I am proud to introduce World Energy in
2006, a new publication that offers energy stakehold-

ers a unique opportunity to read about the future of energy, today. World Energy in 2006 provides inval- uable insight because it is grounded in the WEC\u2019s technical and analytical expertise, and leverages the WEC\u2019s strength in longer-term thinking.

The WEC, the energy industry\u2019s only global
voice, takes a hard look at these issues in this \ue000rst

edition of World Energy in 2006. The publication is writtenby energy business leaders, policymakers and academicsfor business leaders, policymakers

and academics. Based on the real-life experiences of energy decision-makers from all regions of the world and all energy sectors, the objective ofWorld

Energy in 2006 is to encourage debate and to inspire
energy stakeholders to act.

Throughout my tenure as Chairman, I have made it my mandate to ensure the WEC\u2019s contributions to sustainable energy development are action-focused,

speci\ue000cally in the areas of availability, accessibility

and acceptability (3 A\u2019s). World Energy in 2006, in its honest assessment of the top global energy issues, analyses what actions have been or could be taken within the context of these 3A\u2019s.

Advancing the cause

In the interest of advancing its cause \u2013 sustainable energy development \u2013 the WEC has intentionally included thought pieces that are not completely

aligned with the of\ue000cial WEC positioning to pro-

voke and stimulate the reader. Where the WEC messages differ, our Regional Vice-Chairs offer their perspectives to ensure the reader receives a balanced overview of the issue at hand.

World Energy in 2006 in its honest assessment

of the top global energy issues helps energy stake- holders make balanced decisions for a sustainable future.u

The future of energy, today
Andr\u00e9 Caill\u00e9, Chairman, World Energy Council

The objective of World Energy in 2006 is to encourage debate and to inspire energy stakeholders to act

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