Sugata MunshiDepartment of Electrical Engineering
q = C E
where C is the capacitance of the sample of piezoelectric material.
Materials such as quartz, Rochelle salt, tourmaline,lithium sulphate (LS), ammonium dihydrogenphosphate are
There are other materials (ferroelectric ceramics)e.g. barium titanate, which can be made to havepiezoelectric properties by artificial polarization.
Strong electric field is applied to the material,while it is heated to a temperature above Curiepoint (125
C for barium titanate).
Then it is slowly cooled up to room temperature,with the field still applied.
When the electric field is removed from thecooled material, there is a remnant polarizationand the material exhibits piezoelectricproperties.