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Published by: api-3709675 on Oct 18, 2008
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The Parametric Analytical Model of Vehicle Energy Consumption
Version 1.1, released 1st September 2005
Copyright \u00a9 2005 by Andrew G. Simpson
Developed under a Ph.D. scholarship provided by the:
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering
The University of Queensland, Australia
\u2022 Vehicle energy consumption models derived from first principles using the well-known vehicle road load equation.
\u2022 Implicit sizing of powertrain components in terms of specified performance targets that include driving range.
\u2022 Simple component models based on parametric inputs for efficiency and specific power/energy.
\u2022 Accurate predictions that are typically within 10% of real-world vehicle test data.
Please read the instructions contained in the next worksheet\u2026

PAMVEC is a spreadsheet-based parametric vehicle modelling and design tool used for the analysis of advanced vehicle technologies such as hybrid-electric, battery and fuel cell-powertrains. For these technologies, PAMVEC predicts vehicle performance, powertrain component sizes, total vehicle mass and fuel/energy consumption. Its features include:

\u2022 A comprehensive set of ~30 parameters that fully characterize the vehicle platform, powertrain components, vehicle performance requirements
and driving pattern.
\u2022 A novel parametric driving pattern description that enables predictions of vehicle energy consumption under real-world driving patterns, without
resorting to the computational intensity of dynamic simulation.
With its unique combination of speed, accuracy, convenience and transparency, PAMVEC provides a valuable complement to other vehicle
modelling and design tools. Best of all, it's free!
Iterative calculations:
Display settings:
Worksheet formatting works best with 1024 x 768 resolution setting.
Worksheet contents:
Colour coding of cells:
Each numerical cell in the PAMVEC model has a colour code based on its role in the model.
Worksheet protection:
Check that iterative calculations are enabled by going toTools -> Options -> Calculation. Tick theIteration box, set max. iterations to 10000,
max. change to 0.0001.
PAMVEC consists of 11 worksheets in addition to thePAMVEC (title page) andInstructions worksheets.

References contains hyperlinks to PAMVEC-related references and contact details for feedback or comment.
Inputs contains all parameters that define the vehicle platform attributes, vehicle performance requirements, and driving pattern parameters.
Driving Cycles contains a list of parameters for many useful driving cycles that may be used within the PAMVEC model.
Powertrain Components contains all parameters that define the specific power/energy and efficiency of powertrain components as well as

other relevant parameters.
Results Summary presents the model results - vehicle performance, powertrain component sizes, total vehicle mass and fuel/energy
B E V: th e s e w o rk s h e e ts p ro v id e te m p la te s fo r th e s ix p o w e rtra in a rc h ite c tu re s in c lu d e d in th e P A M V E C

model: conventional internal combustion engine vehicle (ICV), parallel hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), series hybrid electric vehicle (SHEV), fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV), fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle (FCHEV) and battery electric vehicle (BEV). These templates can be copied into new worksheets to create additional variants of each powertrain architecture.

Input cells are coloured YELLOW and are intended to be modified by the user. These cells may be found in the Inputs, Driving Cycles and
Powertrain Components worksheets.
Intermediate input cells are coloured BLUE and may be modified by the user. These cells import input parameters into the six template
Output cells are coloured PINK and preferably should not be modified. These cells can be found throughout the PAMVEC model.

PAMVEC users are encouraged to customize the model for their own purposes. However, the public release version of PAMVEC has
worksheets protections in place to prevent accidental modification/deletion of cells. The protections still allow the user to vary parameters in
theInputs and Powertrain Components worksheets and also allow the user to copy any one of the six powertrain templates into a new
worksheet. Further modifications to the PAMVEC model will require the user to go toTools -> Protection -> Unprotect Sheet and use the
passwordpamvec. Each worksheet must be unprotected in turn. Before unprotecting any of the worksheets, please remember to save a
copy of the original model.

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