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Table Of Contents

Preface
Introduction
2.1 Fuel Cell Basics
2.2 History of Fell Cell Technology
2.3 Why are we studying Fuel Cells?
2.3.2 What are the applications of Fuel Cells?
Fuel Cell Basics and Types
Open Circuit Voltage and
3.1 Open Circuit Voltage
3.2 Efficiency
3.2.1 Efficiency Related to Pressure and Gas Concentration
3.3 Nernst Equation Analysis
3.3.1 Hydrogen Partial Pressure
3.3.2 Fuel and Oxidant Utilization
3.3.3 System Pressure
Causes for Voltage Loss
4.1 Introduction
4.1.1 Common Terminology
4.2 General Voltage Loss Descriptions
4.2.1 Initial Theoretical Voltages
4.2.2 Description of Operational Losses
4.3 Activation Losses
4.3.1 Tafel Equation
4.3.2 Maximizing the Tafel Equation
4.4 Fuel Crossover/Internal Current Losses
4.5 Ohmic Losses
4.6 Mass Transport/Concentration Losses
4.7 Conclusion
4.7.1 Combining the Losses
Alkaline Fuel Cells
5.1 Types of Alkaline Electrolyte Fuel Cells
5.1.1 Mobile Electrolyte
5.1.2 Static Electrolyte Alkaline Fuel Cells
5.1.3 Dissolved Fuel Alkaline Fuel Cells
5.2 Electrodes for Alkaline Electrolyte Fuel Cells
5.2.1 Sintered Nickel Powder
5.2.2 Raney Metals
5.2.3 Rolled Electrodes
5.3 Operating Pressure and Temperature
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell
7.2 The Polymer Membrane
7.3 Water Management
7.3.1 Air Flow’s Contribution to Evaporation
7.4 Effects of Pressure
7.4.1 Mathematical Understanding of the Effects of Super-
7.5 Conclusion
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Description of Operation
8.3 General Voltage Loss Descriptions
8.3.1 Typical Losses
8.3.2 Anode and Cathode
8.4 Conclusion
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
9.1 The Electrolyte
9.2 The Electrodes and Catalysts
9.3 The Stack
9.4 Stack Cooling and Manifolding
9.5 Operating Pressure
9.6 Temperature Effects
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Configurations
10.2.1 Planer
10.2.2 Tubular
10.3 Cell Components
10.4 Manufacturing Techniques
10.4.1 Tape Casting
10.5 Performance
10.5.1 Effects of Pressure
10.5.2 Effects of Temperature
10.5.3 Effects of Impurities
10.6 Conclusion
Fuel Cell System Components
11.1 Compressors
11.2 Compressor Efficiency
11.3 Compressor Power
11.4 Turbines
11.5 Ejector Circulators
11.6 Fans and Blowers
11.7 Membrane/Diaphragm Pumps
Fueling the Hydrogen Fuel cell
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Hydrogen Production from Natural Gas
12.3 Hydrogen Production from Coal Gas
12.4 Hydrogen Production from Bio Fuels
13.1 PEM Simulation and Control
13.2 PEM Cost Analysis
Manufacturing Methods
14.1 Bipolar Plate Manufacturing
14.2 Carbon/Carbon Composite Bipolar Plate for
14.2.1 Conclusions
14.3 Electrolyte Matrix
14.3.1 Conclusions
14.5 Methods for DMFC
14.5.1 MEA Thickness and Performance
14.5.2 Effects of Compression
14.6 Methods for SOFC
14.7 Conclusion
Portable Fuel Cells
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Solutions
15.2.1 Silicon Based Microreactor
15.3 System Issues
15.3.1 Thermal Management
15.3.2 Air Movement
15.3.3 Fuel Delivery and Crossover Prevention
15.3.4 Load Management
15.3.5 System Integration
The New fuel for a New fleet of
16.1 Introduction
16.2 Fuel Reforming
16.2.1 Gasoline Reforming
16.2.2 Methanol Reforming
16.3 Fuel Storage
16.3.1 Compressed Gas
16.3.2 Cryogenic Liquid
16.4 Conclusion
17.1 Introduction
17.3 Conclusion
18.1 Cost Reductions
18.3 Technical Issues
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Fuel Cells

Fuel Cells

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Published by Mohansai Veluru

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Published by: Mohansai Veluru on Nov 05, 2011
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