Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
10Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Chap 14

Chap 14

Ratings: (0)|Views: 622 |Likes:
Published by api-3830073

More info:

Published by: api-3830073 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

Chapter 14
GAS-VAPOR MIXTURES AND AIR CONDITIONING
Dry and Atmospheric Air, Specific and Relative Humidity

14-1CYes; by cooling the air at constant pressure.
14-2CYes .
14-3CSpecific humidity will decrease but relative humidity will increase.
14-4CDry air does not contain any water vapor, but atmospheric air does.
14-5CYes, the water vapor in the air can be treated as an ideal gas because of its very low partial

pressure.
14-6CThe partial pressure of the water vapor in atmospheric air is called vapor pressure.
14-7CThe same. This is because water vapor behaves as an ideal gas at low pressures, and the enthalpy
of an ideal gas depends on temperature only.
14-8CSpecific humidity is the amount of water vapor present in a unit mass of dry air. Relative humidity
is the ratio of the actual amount of vapor in the air at a given temperature to the maximum amount of
vapor air can hold at that temperature.
14-9CThe specific humidity will remain constant, but the relative humidity will decrease as the
temperature rises in a well-sealed room.
14-10CThe specific humidity will remain constant, but the relative humidity will decrease as the
temperature drops in a well-sealed room.
14-11C A tank that contains moist air at 3 atm is located in moist air that is at 1 atm. The driving force
for moisture transfer is the vapor pressure difference, and thus it is possible for the water vapor to flow
into the tank from surroundings if the vapor pressure in the surroundings is greater than the vapor
pressure in the tank.
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. \u00a9 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and
educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
14-1
14-12C Insulations on chilled water lines are always wrapped with vapor barrier jackets to eliminate the

possibility of vapor entering the insulation. This is because moisture that migrates through the insulation
to the cold surface will condense and remain there indefinitely with no possibility of vaporizing and
moving back to the outside.

14-13C When the temperature, total pressure, and the relative humidity are given, the vapor pressure can
be determined from the psychrometric chart or the relation
sat
P
Pv
\u03c6
=
wherePsat is the saturation (or
boiling) pressure of water at the specified temperature and\u03c6 is the relative humidity.
14-14E Humid air is expanded in an isentropic nozzle. The amount of water vapor that has condensed
during the process is to be determined.
Assumptions The air and the water vapor are ideal gases.
Properties The specific heat ratio of air at room temperature isk = 1.4 (Table A-2a). The saturation
properties of water are to be obtained from water tables.
AnalysisSince the mole fraction of the water vapor in this mixture is very small,
R
500
psia
100psia
15
)
R
860
(
0.4/1.4
/
)
1
(
12
1
2
=
\ue009\ue009\ue00a\ue008
\ue002\ue002\ue003\ue001
=
\ue009\ue009\ue00a\ue008
\ue002\ue002\ue003\ue001
=
\u2212
k
k
P
P
T
T

We will assume that the air leaves the nozzle at a relative
humidity of 100% (will be verified later). The vapor pressure
and specific humidity at the outlet are then

psia
0.1217
=
psia)
12173
.
0
)(
0
.
1
(
F
40
@
sat
2
2
,
2
2
,
=
=
=
\u00b0
P
P
P
g
v
\u03c6
\u03c6
air
dry
O/lbm
H
lbm
0.00509
psia
)
1217
.
0
(15
psia)
1217
.
0
)(
622
.
0
(
622
.
0
2
2
,
2
,
2
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
v
v
P
P
P
\u03c9
This is less than the inlet specific humidity (0.025 lbm/lbm dry air), the relative humidity at the outlet
must be 100% as originally assumed. The amount of liquid formation is then
air
dry
O/lbm
H
lbm
0.0199
2
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
\u2206
00509
.
0
025
.
0
2
1\u03c9
\u03c9
\u03c9
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. \u00a9 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and
educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
14-2
AIR
100 psia
400\u00b0F
\u03c91=0.025
15 psia
14-15 Humid air is compressed in an isentropic compressor. The relative humidity of the air at the
compressor outlet is to be determined.
Assumptions The air and the water vapor are ideal gases.
Properties The specific heat ratio of air at room temperature isk = 1.4 (Table A-2a). The saturation
properties of water are to be obtained from water tables.
AnalysisAt the inlet,
kPa
2.105
=
kPa)
3392
.
2
)(
90
.
0
(
C
20
@
sat
1
1
,
1
1
,
=
=
=
\u00b0
P
P
P
g
v
\u03c6
\u03c6
air
dry
O/kg
H
kg
0.0134
kPa
)
105
.
2
(100
kPa)
105
.
2
)(
622
.
0
(
622
.
0
2
1
,
1
,
1
2
=
\u2212
=
\u2212
=
=
v
v
P
P
P
\u03c9
\u03c9
Since the mole fraction of the water vapor in this mixture is very small,
K
531
kPa
100
kPa
800
)
K
293
(
0.4/1.4
/
)
1
(
12
1
2
=
\ue009\ue00a\ue008
\ue002\ue003\ue001
=
\ue009\ue009\ue00a\ue008
\ue002\ue002\ue003\ue001
=
\u2212k
k
P
P
T
T
The saturation pressure at this temperature is
kPa
4542
C
258
@
sat
2
,
=
=
\u00b0
P
Pg
(from EES)
The vapor pressure at the exit is
kPa
87
.
16
0.622
0.0134
)
800
)(
0134
.
0
(
622
.
0
2
2
2
2
,
=
+
=
+
=\u03c9
\u03c9P
Pv
The relative humidity at the exit is then
0.37%
0.0037=
=
=
=
4542
87
.
16
2
,2
,
2
gv
PP
\u03c6
PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. \u00a9 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Limited distribution permitted only to teachers and
educators for course preparation. If you are a student using this Manual, you are using it without permission.
14-3
100 kPa
20\u00b0C
90% RH
Humid air
800 kPa

Activity (10)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Ali Abdo liked this
castluci liked this
Nick Drees liked this
Birdie Kaizer liked this
Mark Collins liked this
adarsh liked this
adarsh liked this
Iqbal Ahmads liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->