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Cat 2007 Quantitative Questions Day Qqad ProblemsRatings: (0)|Views: 3,086|Likes: 18

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/7176771/Cat-2007-Quantitative-Questions-Day-Qqad-Problems

03/18/2014

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Solution to Quantitative Question # 1Question: 1The equation |x-1| - |x-2| + |x-4| = m has exactly n real solutions for some real m. Then whichamong the following relations between m and n can not be true?(a) m/n = 3/5 (b) m = n (c) m/n = 3/2 (d) m/n = 5/3 (e) m = n-1Solution:Since 1, 2, 4 are the critical point, we divide the domain into 4 regions;1) when x > 4 |x-1| - |x-2| + |x-4| = (x-1)-(x-2)+(x-4) = m => x-3 = m => m>12) when 2 < x <=4 |x-1|-|x-2|+|x-4| = (x-1)-(x-2)-(x-4) = m => 5-x = m => 1 <= m < 33) when 1 < x <=2 |x-1|-|x-2|+|x-4| = (x-1)+(x-2)-(x-4) = m => x+1 = m => 1 < m <= 34) when -Infinity < x <=1 |x-1|-|x-2|+|x-4| = -(x-1)+(x-2)-(x-4) = m => 3-x = m => 2 <= m<= InfinityClearly for n=4 we have 2 < m < 3; for n=3 we have m = 2,3; for n=2 we have 1 < m < 2;for n=1 we have m=1; for n=0 we have 1 > m.Looking at the choices (a) m = 2.4 and n = 4 satisfy (b) m = n = 3 satify (d) m = 10/3 and n =2 satisy (e) m = -1 and n = 0 satisyHence, choice (c) is the right answer.---------------------------------------------------------------------------Solution to Quantitative Question # 2 (Answered 1st by warrior and best solution by Apple)---------------------------------------------------------------------------When Katrina get's Swiss chocolcates, she swings in delight, equal to her total chocolates at thattime. For instance, if Katrina gets 3 chocolates, then 7 chocolates and then 3 chocolates again,she at first makes 3 swings, then she makes 3+7 = 10 swings and then she makes 3+7+3 = 13swings, making a total of 3+10+13 = 26 swings. If all of Katrina's Swiss chocolates are in agroup of

either 3 or 7 and Katrina makes 99 swings during the process, in how many differentways can she get the chocolates in that process ?(a) 3 (b) 6 (c) 5 (d) 2 (e) none of the foregoingSolution:If a1, a2, a3, ... are the numbers in which Katrina gets chocolates in order then Katrina's totalswings will be n*a1 + (n-1)*a2 + .... + an where a1, a2 etc. take the values 3 or 7. Given thefact n*a1 + (n-1)*a2 + .... + an = 99; if all a1, a2 etc are 3 then 3n(n+1)/2 = 99 => n(n+1) =66, so we know n can atmost be 7. Taking a1, a2 as 7 we can see that n is greater than 4.OK, if it's 7a1 + 6a2 + ... + a7 = 99 then because 3 and 7 are each of the form 4k-1 we see 7a1+ 6a2 + ... + a7 = 99 reduces to 4*(7k1 + 6k2 + ...+ k7) = 99 + (1 + 2 +... +7) = 99 + 28,which is not possible. Similarly it's not for n=5. For 6 it's possible as 99 + (1 + 2 +...+ 6) = 120is div by 4.Now you are left with 6k1 + 5k2 + ...+ k6 = 30 where k1,k2 ... takes either 1 or 2(k1, k2, k3, k4, k5, k6) = (1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2), (2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2), (1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1), (1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1),(2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1)Hence, choice (c) is the right answer.

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