at elevated temperatures, i.e. relaxation, hot wet processing, drying andcuring. Although the use of high temperatures and tensions does not degradeLYCRA, fabrics containing it lose some power when they are hot ±stretched and this loss cannot be recovered.
Storage of Grey Fabrics
Most off-loom fabrics stay for some time in the grey room prior to wet processing. Storage conditions and the handling of greys affect heir quality.Good storage can help, while bad storage can reduce the quality of thefinished fabric. Grey goods are doffed either in batches or in pieces andthese are sent to the grey room. Stacking is undesirable, because :It will obstruct handling of bottom pieces that were stored first,the weight and pressure of the stack can use undesired moiré, folds or creases. It is best to keep the rolls of grey suspended horizontally, one beone, on metal axle-tubes. Light pieces can be stored individually in boxes. Storage of grey fabrics must be short to prevent yellowing or decayof LYCRA elastane by hard yarn finish or machine lubricants that mightcontain unsaturated fatty acids or fatty esters. The knitter, weaver, fibresupplier or coning oil producer should make sure by tests that the lubricantsused do not discolour or degrade LYCRA during the normal course of processing. Before grey goods are put in stock for an extended period, theyshould be relaxed, thoroughly scoured and batched up again at controlledlow tension (10-20% stretch over relaxed fabric) in order to remove thewinding tension which might cold-set the grey fabric, and to prevent pleatsand creases from setting and becoming permanent. If lag time is expected between operations, the fabric should be wrapped airtight, chemically inertcovers, ideally black, to protect it from discoloration. This discolorationmostly affects batch edges and the external upper layers of unprotectedfabric. Finally, it is recommended to avoid storage of grey fabrics for morethan two months and total ways dispatch the oldest fabric first, so that thefirst fabrics into the grey room are first out to the dye house.
LYCRA elastane yarn withstands most of the conditions required for wet processing the other fibres with which it may be combined. However elastane fibres may be sensitive to certain chemicals used for rigidfabrics. LYCRA keeps its elastic properties almost intact when subjected tomercerizing, to carbonizing, to alkaline sourcing at 95O*C, to dyeing instrongly acid baths, to peroxide bleaching, to weak hypochlorite bleaching,to dry cleaning. One type of LYCRA elastane, i.e. LYCRA type 128C,reacts