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Table Of Contents

1. Where Are the Primes?
1.1. Ante
1.2. Sieve of Eratosthenes
1.3. Prime Function π
2. How to Count Primes
2.1. Sieve of Eratosthenes as a Set Problem
2.2. Number of Elements inM
2.3. A Compact Formula for π(x)−π(√x)
2.4. A Second Glimpse of the Prime Number Theorem
3. M¨obius Function µ
3.1. Multiplicative Arithmetic Functions
3.2. Convolution of Two Arithmetic Functions
3.3. M¨obius Inversion Formula
3.4. Generating Functions and Dirichlet Series
3.5. Riemann ζ-Function
4. Analytical Properties of ζ
4.1. Extension of ζ to Whole Complex Plane
4.2. Zeros of ζ
4.3. Mellin Transform
5. Prime Number Theorem
5.1. New Representation of Prime Function
5.2. New Representation of Chebyshev function
5.3. Explicit Asymptotic Expression for π
6. Gauß Sums
6.1. Theta Functions in Various Forms
6.2. Emergence of Gauß Sums
7. In a Nutshell
A. Riemann’s Original Paper
B. Inclusion-Exclusion Principle
B.1. Two Different but Equivalent Forms
B.2. Sieve of Brun
C. Improved Mertens’ formula
D. General Convolutions
D.1. Convolution for Addition
D.2. Continuous Variables
D.3. Multiplicative Convolution
E. Functional Equations
E.1. Poisson Summation Formula
E.2. Functional Equation for ϑ
F. Evaluation of Gauß Sums
F.1. Gauß Sum G(1,q)
F.2. Gauß Sum G(a,q)
F.3. Congruences and Quadratic Residues
G. Further Reading
H. Solutions to the Problems
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Maier, Schleich - Prime Numbers (2005)

Maier, Schleich - Prime Numbers (2005)

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Published by: schlaviner on Nov 06, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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