Depression involves sadness, pessimism, a concern with personal problems, and perhaps
feeling sorry for one's self, anguish, crying, and hopelessness. Depressed people often
lose interest in many activities and social contacts because of loss of pleasure in and
enthusiasm for their usual activities. They may become apathetic or socially withdrawn.
Low energy, chronic tiredness, excessive sleeping, and insomnia are common. Other
possible symptoms of depression include poor appetite, heavy eating, weight loss or gain,
feelings of inadequacy or worthlessness, anxiety, regrets, decreased productivity, poor
People often become depressed about marital, romantic, or family problems.A personal
loss often triggers depression: divorce, separation, loss of a job, the end of a love
relationship, physical or mental problems from old age, the death of a loved one, etc.
Many stressful events or major changes may also help bring on depression. Going away
to college or moving far away from family and friends after getting married may lead to
depression. No matter how much you wanted to have a child, the resulting loss of
freedom may cause depression. When children grow up and leave home, you may
become depressed. Retirement can lead to depression because of loss of work activities to
fill the day and loss of friendships with co-workers.
Depression may occur without any loss or great stress to trigger it, however. Personal
problems often lead to depression. The chronic use of alcohol or other drugs often leads
to mood swings, personal problems, and depression. Using alcohol or other drugs to
improve your mood is especially risky because addictive substances often intensify pre-
existing mood or personality problems. Even prescribed medications may lead to severe
There are many effective ways to overcome depression. Fortunately, we can control our thoughts and feelings much more than most people realize. With enough work and effort, you can change habitual thoughts and feelings.
First, however, if you are on any medicines, check with your doctor to see if a medicine
may be causing your depression. A surprising number of medicines can do this, including
many tranquilizers or sleeping pills, many high blood pressure medicines, hormones such
as oral contraceptives, some anti-inflammatory or anti-infection drugs, some ulcer
medicines, etc. Changing your prescribed medications may be all you need to eliminate
Develop Interests, Participate in Activities:
Perhaps one of the most common reasons for depression is a lack of enough interests and
activities. A small number of them tend to become routine and often boring. Interests and
activities are very important in mental health, contributing to self-esteem and happiness.
They give satisfaction, help make you feel good about yourself, and keep your mind off
problems and negative thoughts and emotions. Simply cultivating them can sometimes
cure depression, grief, addiction, explosive anger, anxiety, excessive worrying, or guilt,
if you do the activities whenever you feel the negative emotion. They are also important
social skills that give you pleasant and interesting things to talk about, improving your
conversation skills and helping in making and keeping friends. people with many
interests and activities are less likely to have behaviour problems,.
There are three main kinds of helpful interests and activities: pleasurable, constructive,
Of course, pleasurable activities give us enjoyment. We may do them just for fun or
relaxation. Constructive activities produce or accomplish something and give a sense of
pride. Examples include getting things done around the house, working on a project,
practicing a skill, or studying a subject that interests you. unselfish activities help other
people. Examples include teaching a friend a craft, helping sick or old people, or
volunteer work. unselfish activities give companionship, gratitude from other people, and
a sense of pride. Helping others is one of the best ways to lift yourself spiritually.
Helping less fortunate people can also give a healthy sense of perspective.
Having only a few interests and activities doesn't help very much in fighting boredom,
depression, or other problems. You can best improve mental health by developing and
practicing many of them until you do them well. Truly happy and productive people love
life and enjoy it.
Strive toward the ideal of the new beginning ,a person with broad social, cultural, and
intellectual interests and skills. You may find it difficult to think and come up with new
interests and activities. We often forget many we once enjoyed or we were once curious
about. Depressed people are especially likely to have forgotten previous interests and
Of course, depressed people often find it very difficult to motivate themselves and often
reject new interests and activities without trying them or after one attempt. But even
happy people don't enjoy interests without first cultivating them. We often don't enjoy a
new activity right away. Instead, it may take time to become accustomed to a new activity
You may need to learn to relax in the new situation or to develop some expertise or skill before you can learn to enjoy it. Don't reject new activities before giving them a chance. Try any new activity at least several times, with an open mind. Motivate yourself with rewards for engaging in new activities and getting things done.
Negative thinking habits play a very important role in depression. Research shows
depressed people tend to minimize their accomplishments, talents, and qualities. They
tend to see themselves as inferior and incompetent, despite being comparable to other
people in qualities and skills. Their thinking habits focus on or exaggerate problems and
faults and minimize or fail to see the good things in their lives. They tend to recall
negative things more often than positive things, and they tend to minimize, overlook, or
forget feelings of pleasure in their lives. They may feel preoccupied with loss or personal
problems, perhaps wallowing in thoughts about self-pity, inability to cope, or escaping
Happy people experience failure, disappointment, rejection, negative emotions, pain, and great sorrows, too, just like depressed people. But happy people keep a positive attitude by gracefully accepting sadness and suffering as normal parts of life, while doing what they can about their problems. This also makes them more pleasant to be around and improves their social lives. Part of happiness is a courageous choice of loving life in the
Expecting dissatisfaction and failure, depressed people often give up easily and thereby
bring on failure. Happy people know that every failure is a learning experience that can
lead to success if they refuse to give up. Starting a successful business, for example, may
take many years of learning what doesn't work. After causing their own failure by giving
up, depressed people often blame their problems on fate, bad luck, other people,
circumstances, or their incompetence. They may passively resign themselves to problem
situations and let the problems continue. Their pessimistic thinking leads them to reject
many enjoyable activities. Sometimes their lack of motivation involves not knowing what
to do to improve things or fear of making the needed changes.
Are Your Expectations Realistic?
Re-examine your expectations or priorities in life and, if necessary, adjust them to suit
reality better. Depressed people often think they can't be happy without certain things,
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