The son of a high level civil servant in theHabs burg empire, Drucker was born in Vienna, the capital ofAust ria, in a small village named Kaasgraben (now a suburb ofVienna, part of the 19th district,D\u00f6bling). Following the defeat ofAus tria-Hungary inW orld
he went toGerm any, first working in banking and then in journalism. While in
Germany, he earned a doctorate in international law. The rise ofNazis m forced him to
leave Germany in 1933. After spending four years inLondon, in 1937 he moved
permanently to the United States, where he became a university professor as well as
af reelanc e writer and business guru. In 1943 he became a naturalized citizen of the
1950 to 1971. From 1971 to his death he was the Clarke Professor of Social Science
andManagem ent at Claremont Graduate University.
His career as a business thinker took off in 1945, when his initial writings on politics
and society won him access to the internal workings of General Motors, one of the
largest companies in the world at that time. His experiences inEurope had left him
fascinated with the problem of authority. He shared his fascination withDonalds on
consulting engagements, and additional books.
Drucker was interested in the growing effect of people who worked with their minds
rather than their hands. He was intrigued by employees who knew more about certain
subjects than their bosses or colleagues and yet had to cooperate with others in a
large organization. Rather than simply glorify the phenomenon as the epitome of
human progress, Drucker analyzed it and explained how it challenged the common
thinking about how organizations should be run. Drucker died November 11,2005 in
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