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P. 1
Ky Nang Ra Quyet Dinh

Ky Nang Ra Quyet Dinh



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Published by api-3831256

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Published by: api-3831256 on Oct 18, 2008
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2. Quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb kinh doanh
2.1 - Kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m

Nh\u01b0 \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1ec1 c\u1eadp \u1edf tr\u00ean. Quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb l\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng c\u00e1ch h\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ed9ng mang t\u00ednh s\u00e1ng t\u1ea1o c\u1ee7a ch\u1ee7 doanh nghi\u1ec7p (Gi\u00e1m \u0111\u1ed1c) nh\u1eb1m x\u1eed l\u00fd m\u1ed9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u00e3 ch\u00edn mu\u1ed3i tr\u00ean c\u01a1 s\u1edf hi\u1ec3u bi\u1ebft c\u00e1c quy lu\u1eadt v\u1eadn \u0111\u1ed9ng kh\u00e1ch quan c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng b\u1ecb qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb v\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c ph\u00e2n t\u00edch c\u00e1c th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec1 hi\u1ec7n tr\u1ea1ng c\u1ee7a h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng. T\u1eeb kh\u00e1i ni\u1ec7m n\u00e0y c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh n\u1ed9i dung c\u1ee7a m\u1ed9t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00e0 nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ec3 tr\u1ea3 l\u1eddi \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00e1c c\u00e2u h\u1ecfi sau \u0111\u00e2y: L\u00e0m g\u00ec? Ai l\u00e0m? Khi n\u00e0o l\u00e0m? L\u00e0m \u1edf \u0111\u00e2u? \u0110i\u1ec1u ki\u1ec7n v\u1eadt ch\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n l\u00e0 g\u00ec? L\u00e0m nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o? Bao gi\u1edd k\u1ebft th\u00fac? K\u1ebft qu\u1ea3 t\u1ed1i thi\u1ec3u ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u1ea1t l\u00e0 g\u00ec? T\u1ed5 ch\u1ee9c ki\u1ec3m tra v\u00e0 t\u1ed5ng k\u1ebft b\u00e1o c\u00e1o nh\u01b0 th\u1ebf n\u00e0o?

2.2 - C\u00e1c nguy\u00ean t\u1eafc c\u01a1 b\u1ea3n ra quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh
a. Nguy\u00ean t\u1eafc v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a

Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ed9t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00f4gic khi v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c \u0111\u1ecbnh ngh\u0129a. Mu\u1ed1n gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft c\u00f3 hi\u1ec7u l\u1ef1c m\u1ed9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1, \u0111\u1ea7u ti\u00ean ph\u1ea3i hi\u1ec3u r\u00f5 v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u00f3. Th\u1eddi gian d\u00f9ng \u0111\u1ec3 t\u00ecm ra gi\u1ea3i ph\u00e1p cho m\u1ed9t v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 th\u01b0\u1eddng l\u00e0 v\u00f4 \u00edch, b\u1edfi v\u00ec ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta hay t\u1ef1 th\u1ecfa m\u00e3n trong vi\u1ec7c x\u1eed l\u00fd c\u00e1c di\u1ec5n bi\u1ebfn c\u1ee7a n\u00f3 m\u00e0 qu\u00ean kh\u00f4ng b\u00e0n t\u1edbi n\u1ed9i dung s\u00e2u s\u1eafc c\u1ee7a n\u00f3.

b. Nguy\u00ean t\u1eafc v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 x\u00e1c minh \u0111\u1ea7y \u0111\u1ee7

M\u1ed9t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00f4gic ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c b\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c l\u00fd do x\u00e1c minh \u0111\u00fang \u0111\u1eafn. T\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 m\u1ecdi quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00f4gic ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c d\u1ef1a tr\u1ec7 nh\u1eefng c\u01a1 s\u1edf v\u1eefng ch\u1eafc. Ng\u01b0\u1eddi ta ph\u1ea3i b\u1ea3o v\u1ec7 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u1ec1 ra b\u1eb1ng c\u1ea3 m\u1ed9t t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3 nh\u1eefng s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c hi\u1ec3n nhi\u00ean v\u00e0 c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ki\u1ec3m tra l\u1ea1i \u0111\u1ec3 ch\u1ee9ng t\u1ecf quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u00f3 l\u00e0 h\u1ee3p l\u00fd v\u00e0 l\u00f4gic. M\u00e0 m\u1ed9t ng\u01b0\u1eddi kh\u00e1c n\u1ebfu quan s\u00e1t t\u00ecnh h\u00ecnh c\u0169ng d\u01b0\u1edbi g\u00f3c \u0111\u1ed9 \u0111\u00f3 v\u00e0 trong ho\u00e0n c\u1ea3nh \u0111\u00f3, th\u00ec d\u00f9 h\u1ecd c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f3 nh\u1eefng \u00fd ki\u1ebfn b\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ed3ng hay nh\u1eefng \u0111\u1ecbnh ki\u1ebfn v\u00e0 l\u1ee3i \u00edch kh\u00e1c th\u00ec h\u1ecd c\u0169ng bu\u1ed9c ph\u1ea3i \u0111i t\u1edbi c\u00f9ng k\u1ebft lu\u1eadn \u0111\u00f3.

c. Nguy\u00ean t\u1eafc v\u1ec1 s\u1ef1 \u0111\u1ed3ng nh\u1ea5t

Th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf th\u01b0\u1eddng x\u1ea3y ra t\u00ecnh tr\u1ea1ng c\u00f9ng m\u1ed9t s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c, c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f3 nhi\u1ec1u quan \u0111i\u1ec3m, nhi\u1ec1u c\u00e1ch nh\u00ecn nh\u1eadn kh\u00e1c nhau t\u00f9y thu\u1ed9c v\u00e0o ng\u01b0\u1eddi quan s\u00e1t v\u00e0 kh\u00f4ng gian, th\u1eddi gian di\u1ec5n ra s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f3. Ch\u1eb3ng h\u1ea1n, c\u1ea1nh tranh d\u01b0\u1edbi c\u01a1 ch\u1ebf qu\u1ea3n l\u00fd bao c\u1ea5p c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc XHCN b\u1ecb coi l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t hi\u1ec7n t\u01b0\u1ee3ng x\u1ea5u, th\u00ec ng\u00e0y nay t\u1ea5t c\u1ea3 c\u00e1c n\u01b0\u1edbc th\u1ef1c h\u00e0nh n\u1ec1n kinh t\u1ebf th\u1ecb tr\u01b0\u1eddng \u0111\u1ec1u coi l\u00e0 m\u1ed9t hi\u1ec7n t\u01b0\u1ee3ng t\u1ea5t y\u1ebfu v\u00e0 l\u00e0nh m\u1ea1nh. Cho n\u00ean ta c\u1ea7n ph\u1ea3i x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh m\u1ed9t c\u00e1ch r\u00f5 r\u00e0ng nh\u1eefng s\u1ef1 vi\u1ec7c

v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ec3 l\u00e0m vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u00f3, c\u1ea7n ph\u1ea3i tin ch\u1eafc r\u1eb1ng ta \u0111\u00e3 ngh\u0129 t\u1edbi nh\u1eefng s\u1ef1 kh\u00e1c nhau c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 c\u00f3 do c\u00e1c s\u1ef1
thay \u0111\u1ed5i v\u1ec1 \u0111\u1ecba \u0111i\u1ec3m hay v\u1ec1 th\u1eddi \u0111\u1ea1i g\u00e2y ra.
2.3 - Y\u00eau c\u1ea7u v\u1edbi c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh
a. T\u00ednh kh\u00e1ch quan v\u00e0 khoa h\u1ecdc

C\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00e0 c\u01a1 s\u1edf quan tr\u1ecdng \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o cho t\u00ednh hi\u1ec7n th\u1ef1c v\u00e0 hi\u1ec7u qu\u1ea3 c\u1ee7a vi\u1ec7c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ch\u00fang, cho n\u00ean n\u00f3 kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ch\u1ee7 quan t\u00f9y ti\u1ec7n, tho\u00e1t ly th\u1ef1c t\u1ebf. V\u00ec quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00e0 s\u1ea3n ph\u1ea9m ch\u1ee7 quan s\u00e1ng t\u1ea1o c\u1ee7a con ng\u01b0\u1eddi, do \u0111\u00f3 \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o t\u00ednh kh\u00e1ch quan kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u01a1n gi\u1ea3n, nh\u1ea5t l\u00e0 trong nh\u1eefng tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p vi\u1ec7c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u00f3 li\u00ean quan \u0111\u1ebfn l\u1ee3i \u00edch c\u1ee7a ng\u01b0\u1eddi ra quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh.

T\u00ednh khoa h\u1ecdc c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh l\u00e0 s\u1ef1 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n c\u1ee7a nh\u1eefng c\u01a1 s\u1edf, c\u0103n c\u1ee9, th\u00f4ng tin, nh\u1eadn th\u1ee9c, kinh nghi\u1ec7m c\u1ee7a nh\u00e0 qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb trong vi\u1ec7c x\u1eed l\u00fd, gi\u1ea3i quy\u1ebft nh\u1eefng t\u00ecnh hu\u1ed1ng c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 xu\u1ea5t hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi c\u00f3 s\u1ef1 can thi\u1ec7p b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u1ee7a h\u1ecd, n\u00f3 ph\u1ea3i tu\u00e2n th\u1ee7 \u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi c\u1ee7a c\u00e1c quy lu\u1eadt kh\u00e1ch quan.

b. T\u00ednh c\u00f3 \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng

M\u1ed9t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb bao gi\u1edd c\u0169ng ph\u1ea3i nh\u1eb1m v\u00e0o c\u00e1c \u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng nh\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecbnh, c\u00f3 m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch, m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau, ti\u00eau chu\u1ea9n x\u00e1c \u0111\u1ecbnh. Vi\u1ec7c \u0111\u1ecbnh h\u01b0\u1edbng c\u1ee7a quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ec3 ng\u01b0\u1eddi th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n th\u1ea5y \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng h\u01b0\u1edbng c\u00f4ng vi\u1ec7c c\u1ea7n l\u00e0m, c\u00e1c m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u1ea1t. \u0110i\u1ec1u n\u00e0y \u0111\u1eb7c bi\u1ec7t quan tr\u1ecdng \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u00f3 t\u00ednh l\u1ef1a ch\u1ecdn m\u00e0 ng\u01b0\u1eddi th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c ph\u00e9p linh ho\u1ea1t h\u01a1n, s\u00e1ng t\u1ea1o h\u01a1n trong qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh.

c. T\u00ednh h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng

Y\u00eau c\u1ea7u t\u00ednh h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng \u0111\u1ed1i v\u1edbi c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh trong qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb kinh doanh \u0111\u00f2i h\u1ecfi m\u1ed7i m\u1ed9t quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0a ra ph\u1ea3i nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ea1t \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c m\u1ed9t nhi\u1ec7m v\u1ee5 nh\u1ea5t \u0111\u1ecbnh, n\u1eb1m trong m\u1ed9t t\u1ed5ng th\u1ec3 c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u00e3 c\u00f3 v\u00e0 s\u1ebd c\u00f3 nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ea1t t\u1edbi m\u1ee5c \u0111\u00edch chung.

d. T\u00ednh t\u1ed1i \u01b0u

Tr\u01b0\u1edbc m\u1ed7i v\u1ea5n \u0111\u1ec1 \u0111\u1eb7t ra cho doanh nghi\u1ec7p th\u01b0\u1eddng c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c nhi\u1ec1u ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n kh\u00e1c nhau c\u00f9ng nh\u1eb1m \u0111\u1ea1t t\u1edbi m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau. Y\u00eau c\u1ea7u ph\u1ea3i \u0111\u1ea3m b\u1ea3o t\u00ednh t\u1ed1i \u01b0u c\u00f3 ngh\u0129a l\u00e0 quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh s\u1ebd \u0111\u01b0a ra \u0111\u1ec3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u00f3 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n t\u1ed1t h\u01a1n nh\u1eefng ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n qu\u1ea3n tr\u1ecb kh\u00e1c v\u00e0 trong tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00ec n\u00f3 ph\u1ea3i l\u00e0 ph\u01b0\u01a1ng \u00e1n quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh t\u1ed1t nh\u1ea5t.

e. T\u00ednh c\u00f4 \u0111\u1ecdng d\u1ec5 hi\u1ec3u

D\u00f9 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u1ec3u hi\u1ec7n d\u01b0\u1edbi h\u00ecnh th\u1ee9c n\u00e0o c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u1ec1u ph\u1ea3i ng\u1eafn g\u1ecdn, d\u1ec5 hi\u1ec3u, \u0111\u1ec3 m\u1ed9t m\u1eb7t ti\u1ebft ki\u1ec7m \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c th\u00f4ng tin ti\u1ec7n l\u1ee3i cho vi\u1ec7c b\u1ea3o m\u1eadt v\u00e0 di chuy\u1ec3n, m\u1eb7t kh\u00e1c l\u00e0m cho ch\u00fang \u0111\u1ee1 ph\u1ee9c t\u1ea1p gi\u00fap cho ng\u01b0\u1eddi th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n tr\u00e1nh vi\u1ec7c hi\u1ec3u sai l\u1ec7ch v\u1ec1 m\u1ee5c ti\u00eau, ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ti\u1ec7n v\u00e0 c\u00e1ch th\u1ee9c th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n.

f. T\u00ednh ph\u00e1p l\u00fd
\u0110\u00f2i h\u1ecfi c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh \u0111\u01b0a ra ph\u1ea3i h\u1ee3p ph\u00e1p v\u00e0 c\u00e1c c\u1ea5p th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n ph\u1ea3i th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n nghi\u00eam
ch\u1ec9nh.g. T\u00ednh g\u00f3c \u0111\u1ed9 \u0111a d\u1ea1ng h\u1ee3p l\u00fd

Trong nhi\u1ec1u tr\u01b0\u1eddng h\u1ee3p c\u00e1c quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ph\u1ea3i \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ec9nh trong qu\u00e1 tr\u00ecnh th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n. Nh\u1eefng quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh qu\u00e1 c\u1ee9ng nh\u1eafc s\u1ebd kh\u00f3 th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n v\u00e0 khi c\u00f3 bi\u1ebfn \u0111\u1ed9ng c\u1ee7a m\u00f4i tr\u01b0\u1eddng s\u1ebd kh\u00f3 \u0111i\u1ec1u ch\u1ec9nh \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c.

h. T\u00ednh c\u1ee5 th\u1ec3 v\u1ec1 th\u1eddi gian th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n
Trong m\u1ed7i quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh c\u1ea7n b\u1ea3o \u0111\u1ea3m nh\u1eefng quy \u0111\u1ecbnh v\u1ec1 m\u1eb7t th\u1eddi gian tri\u1ec3n khai, th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n
v\u00e0 ho\u00e0n th\u00e0nh \u0111\u1ec3 c\u1ea5p th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n kh\u00f4ng \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c k\u00e9o d\u00e0i th\u1eddi gian th\u1ef1c hi\u1ec7n.
2.4 - C\u00e1c b\u01b0\u1edbc ra quy\u1ebft \u0111\u1ecbnh

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