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Introduction to Classless Routing
The Study Guide portion of this chapter uses a combination of exercises to test your knowledge on class-
less routing.

The Lab Exercises portion of this chapter includes all of the online curriculum labs as well as a
Comprehensive Lab and a Challenge Lab to ensure that you have mastered the practical, hands-on skills
needed about classless routing.

Presented by:

Reproduced from the book CCSP SNPA Official Exam Certification Guide, 3rd Edition. Copyright\u00a9 2006, Cisco Press. Reproduced by permission of Pearson Education, Inc., 800 East 96th Street, Indianapolis, IN 46240. Written permission from Pearson Education, Inc. is required for all other uses.

Study Guide

Today\u2019s networks must be stable yet scalable. Scalability means the initial design of the network must
allow for change and growth without any major modifications to the overall design. A key element of good
network design is an IP addressing plan that optimizes the use of IP addresses and minimizes the size of
routing tables. This is achieved through the use of VLSM, CIDR, and route summarization. These are fun-
damental concepts and must be incorporated in your CCNA skill set before you move on to the more chal-
lenging topics of OSPF and EIGRP, which both incorporate VLSM and scalable network design.

The exercises in this section will help you build your skills in implementing VLSM addressing schemes,
determining efficient route summaries, and configuring static and default routing. The exercises are meant
to progress logically from establishing the use of terminology in the Vocabulary Exercises through apply-
ing your skill in design scenarios and application exercises. If you are new to the topic of VLSM, you
should proceed through the exercises in the order presented. However if you are refreshing your skill, try
one of the VLSM Addressing Design Scenarios or even Challenge Lab 1-7 to effectively gauge where you
are weak. Then, choose additional exercises to reinforce your knowledge and skill.

2 Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing CCNA 3 Labs and Study Guide
Termclassless inter-domain routing

classless routing protocol
prefix length
discontiguous subnets
route aggregation
fixed-length subnet masking (FLSM)
default route
automatic summarization
variable-length subnet mask (VLSM)
route summarization

classful routing protocol
Chapter 1: Introduction to Classless Routing3
Vocabulary Exercise: Matching
Match the definition on the left with a term on the right. This exercise is not necessarily a one-to-one
matching. Some definitions may be used more than once and some terms may have multiple definitions.
a.With classful routing,__________ must be
avoided because they are not visible across
classful network boundaries.
b.does not advertise subnet mask information.
c.describes the combination of multiple con-
tiguous classful network addresses into one
d.the policy of advertising routes at the classful
e.When using a classful routing protocol, it is
important that all subnets have the same as
mask. This is sometimes referred to as
f.process of combining multiple subnets into
one advertisement with a common prefix
length (not necessarily on a classful boundary).
g.advertises subnet mask information.
h.When a router does not have an interface for
the destination network, it sends traffic to its
i.With classless routing protocols, the subnet
mask can be different from subnet to subnet.
This is called__________.
j.also referred to as CIDR notation, bitmask,

and network mask, the number of bits that are
shared in common by all addresses in the
address space.

k.specified by RFC 1519 to address the critical

problems of exhaustion of Class B address
space and the growth in size of Internet rout-
ing tables.

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