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Trigo

Trigo

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03/18/2014

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TR\u0130GONOMETR\u0130
Y\u00f6nl\u00fc A\u00e7\u0131 :
Saat yelkovan\u0131n\u0131n d\u00f6nme y\u00f6n\u00fcn\u00fcn tersine pozitif y\u00f6n, saat yelkovan\u0131n\u0131n d\u00f6nme y\u00f6n\u00fcne de negatif
y\u00f6n denir.
(OYS SORULARI ALTTA)
A\u00e7\u0131 \u00d6l\u00e7\u00fc Birimleri :
Derece : Bir \u00e7emberin 360 da 1 ini g\u00f6ren merkez a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n \u00f6l\u00e7\u00fcs\u00fc 1 derecedir.
1 derece 60 dakikad\u0131r. 1 dakika 60 saniyedir.
1o = 60\u2032 , 1\u2032= 60\u2032\u2032
Grad : Bir \u00e7emberin 400 de 1 ini g\u00f6ren merkez a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n \u00f6l\u00e7\u00fcs\u00fc 1 gratt\u0131r.
Esas \u00d6l\u00e7\u00fc :
Derece cinsinden bir a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n 360o ye b\u00f6l\u00fcm\u00fcnden kalan, derece cinsinden esas \u00f6l\u00e7\u00fc, radyan
cinsinden bir a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n 2\u03c0 ye b\u00f6l\u00fcm\u00fcnden kalan, radyan cinsinden esas \u00f6l\u00e7\u00fc ad\u0131n\u0131 al\u0131r.
Trigonometrik Fonksiyonlar :

A\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n sin\u00fcs\u00fc ve kosin\u00fcs\u00fc:
Birim \u00e7ember \u00fczerinde, AOP a\u00e7\u0131s\u0131n\u0131 g\u00f6z\u00f6n\u00fcne alal\u0131m. P
noktas\u0131n\u0131n apsisine a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131nkosin\u00fcs\u00fc, ordinat\u0131na da a\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n

sin\u00fcs\u00fcdenir.
x0 = cos\u03b1 , y0 = sin\u03b1
Sonu\u00e7 :
1. P noktas\u0131 \u00e7ember \u00fczerinde ve yar\u0131\u00e7ap\u0131 1 birim oldu\u011fu
i\u00e7in;-1\u2264 cos\u03b1 \u2264 1veya cos : R\u2192 [-1,1] dir.
Yani kosin\u00fcs fonksiyonunun tan\u0131m k\u00fcmesi R, g\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fc k\u00fcmesi [-1,1] dir. Ayn\u0131 \u015fekilde;
-1\u2264 sin\u03b1 \u2264 1veya sin : R\u2192 [-1,1] dir.
Yani sin\u00fcs fonksiyonunun tan\u0131m k\u00fcmesi R, g\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fc k\u00fcmesi [-1,1] dir.
2.x0 = cos\u03b1 ve y0 = sin\u03b1 oldu\u011funa g\u00f6re; cos2\u03b1 + sin2\u03b1= 1 dir.

A\u00e7\u0131n\u0131n tanjant\u0131 ve kotanjant\u0131 :
Birim \u00e7emberin A noktas\u0131ndaki te\u011fetini inceleyelim. Bu durumda t bir reel say\u0131 olmak \u00fczere, T(1,t)
noktas\u0131 te\u011fetin \u00fczerindedir. T noktas\u0131n\u0131n ordinat\u0131na AOT a\u00e7\u0131s\u0131n\u0131ntanjant\u0131 denir. t = tan\u03b1 dir.

Sonu\u00e7 :
T(1,t) noktas\u0131 te\u011fet \u00fczerindeki herhangi bir nokta i\u00e7in, t herhangi bir nokta olabilir. Dolay\u0131s\u0131yla;
\u2200\u03b1 \u2208T={\u03b1 \ue000\u03b1\u2208 IR ve \u03b1\u2260\u03c0/2 +k\u03c0,k\u2208 Z } i\u00e7in tan : T \u2192 R dir.
Yani tanjant fonksiyonunun tan\u0131m k\u00fcmesi (\u03c0/2 +k\u03c0) hari\u00e7 b\u00fct\u00fcn ger\u00e7el say\u0131lar, g\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fc k\u00fcmesi R
dir.
\u2200\u03b1 \u2208K={\u03b1 \ue000\u03b1\u2208 IR ve \u03b1\u2260k\u03c0,k\u2208 Z } i\u00e7in cot : K \u2192 R dir.
Yani tanjant fonksiyonunun tan\u0131m k\u00fcmesi (k\u03c0) hari\u00e7 b\u00fct\u00fcn ger\u00e7el say\u0131lar, g\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fc k\u00fcmesi R dir.
200
180
G
R
D
=
=\u03c0
B\u0130R\u0130M \u00c7EMBER :
Merkezi orijinde olan ve yar\u0131\u00e7ap\u0131 1 birim olan \u00e7emberdir.
-1
Cos
1
-1
Sin

1
OAP \u00fc\u00e7geninde ; Cos = |OA| = Cos ( +k2 ) ve Sin = |AP| =|OB|= Sin ( +k2 )
x ekseni, Cosin\u00fcs ekseni

y ekseni , Sin\u00fcs eksenidir.
Analitik d\u00fczlemde trigonometrik fonksiyonlar\u0131n i\u015faretleri
Peiyodik Fonksiyonlar :
\u0192:A\u2192B bir fonksiyon olsun. \u2200x \u2208A i\u00e7in \u0192(x+T) =\u0192(x) e\u015fitli\u011fini sa\u011flayan bir T ger\u00e7ek say\u0131s\u0131 varsa, \u0192

fonksiyonuna periyodik fonksiyon, T ger\u00e7ek say\u0131s\u0131na da\u0192\u2019 nin bir periyodu denir. T ger\u00e7ek
say\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n en k\u00fc\u00e7\u00fc\u011f\u00fcne ise esas periyodu denir. Buradan hareketle;
k\u2208 Z olmak \u00fczere\u2200\u03b1\u2208 IR i\u00e7in;
cos(\u03b1 + k.2\u03c0) = cos\u03b1 ve sin(\u03b1 + k.2\u03c0) = sin\u03b1 oldu\u011fundan sin\u00fcs ve kosin\u00fcs fonksiyonlar\u0131n\u0131n
periyoduk.2\u03c0 ve esas periyodu2\u03c0 dir.
Ayn\u0131 \u015fekilde;
k\u2208 Z olmak \u00fczere\u03b1\u2260\u03c0/2 +k\u03c0 ve\u03b1 \u2208 IR i\u00e7in tan(\u03b1 + k.\u03c0) = tan\u03b1
k\u2208 Z olmak \u00fczere\u03b1\u2260k\u03c0 ve\u03b1 \u2208 IR i\u00e7in cot(\u03b1 + k.\u03c0) = cot\u03b1 oldu\u011fundan tanjant ve kotanjant
fonksiyonlar\u0131n\u0131n periyoduk.\u03c0 ve esas periyodu\u03c0 dir.

***
)
(
sin
)
(
b
ax
x
f
m
+
=
ve
)
(
cos
)
(
b
ax
x
f
m
+
=
m tek ise
2
T
a\u03c0
=
m \u00e7ift iseT
a
\u03c0
=
***
)
(
tan
)
(
b
ax
x
f
m
+
=
ve
)
(
cot
)
(
b
ax
x
f
m
+
=
,T
a
\u03c0
=
Dik \u00dc\u00e7gende Trigonometrik Oranlar:
ABC dik \u00fc\u00e7geninde trigonometrik oranlar
C
os = = Sin
Sin = = Cos
Tan = =Cot
Cot = =Tan
Sec = =Csc
Csc = =Sec
30o , 45o , 60o nin trigonometrik oranlar\u0131
ABC e\u015fkenar \u00fc\u00e7geninde; IABI=2br. , [AH] y\u00fckseklik olmak \u00fczere ;
AHC \u00fc\u00e7geninde;

Cos60o = = Sin30o
Sin60o = = Cos30o
Tan60o = = Cot30o
Cot60o = = =Tan30o

ABC ikizkenar dik \u00fc\u00e7geninde ;
Sin45o =Cos45o = =
Tan45o = Cot45o = 1
a\u00e7\u0131
0
30
45
60
90
180
270
360
sin
0
1/2
\u221a2 /2
\u221a3 /2
1
0
-1
0
cos
1
\u221a3 /2
\u221a2 /2
1/2
0
-1
0
1
tan
0
1/\u221a3
1
\u221a3
tan\u0131ms\u0131z
0
tan\u0131ms\u0131z
0
cot
tan\u0131ms\u0131z
\u221a3
1
1/\u221a3
0
tan\u0131ms\u0131z
0
tan\u0131ms\u0131z