AGENDA ITEM 1Issues with the export of arms by developed nations to fuel the fighting in countries withchanging regimes
The International Arms Trade is a highly contentious issue of global politics and security.The arms trade can involve the trade of weaponry, either in part or whole, or in thesupplying of training and expertise. When developing nations then sell arms to states eitherrepressing internal dissent or to states in the process of civil war it would not be beyondbelief that these nations are contributing either to prolonging the conflict or to contributingto the suffering of the named repressed peoples; and though arms embargoes andinternational treaties regulating the export and supply of arms to many nations undergoingsuch crises these are often fiercely opposed by the developed nations supplying these arms.
The necessity for most nations to be able to defend themselves in a globalised economywith various arms producers has led to the development of complex arms trade deals, oftenfrom developed nations to less developed nations. Some weapons produced by certaincountries have been extremely popular alternately because of a low level of expensecombined with high reliability (such as the famous Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle) or due toa high level of technological superiority (which usually include jet engine aircraft on atec
hnical par with the source nations’ own level of weaponry).
It is estimated that some 1.5trillion US dollars are spent annually
, equivalent to approximately 2.7% of the global GDP.This amount is somewhat less than the 4% GDP at the end of the cold war, and the cuts inmilitary budgets were far greater in developed than developing countries, especially in themain protagonist states of the Cold War, which in itself has led to a greater attempt by thearms industry to sell their goods to developing countries in order to maintain viability.