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DISEC Study Guide

DISEC Study Guide

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Published by Andy Clarke

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Published by: Andy Clarke on Nov 07, 2011
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04/15/2015

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NOTTINGHAM INTERNATIONAL MODEL UNITED NATIONS CONFERENCE 2011
STUDY GUIDE
Disarmament andInternational Security
 
CONTENTS
Committee Personnel & ContactAbbreviation GuideCommittee DescriptionAgenda Item 1: Regulation of the Trade in Arms and Weapons
Introduction
Background (Historical Context & Recent Developments)
Key Issues
State and bloc PositionsAgenda Item 2: Fundamentalism and outreach strategies in East Africa
Introduction
Background (Historical Context & Recent Developments)
Key IssuesKey Documents & Research LinksBibliography
COMMITTEE PERSONNEL & CONTACT
Committee President: Geraint ThomasHead Chair: Suad Al-RiyamiVice-Chairs: Florain Gruenwald and Kirsten HaldContact Address: disec.nottsmun11@gmail.com 
ABBREVIATION GUIDE
DRC-Democratic Republic of the CongoNATO-The North Atlantic Treaty OrganisationRECSA-The regional centre on small armsSIPRI- The Stockholm International Peace Research InstituteUK- The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandUSA/US- United States of America
COMMITTEE DESCRIPTI
 
ON
DISEC is the First Committee of the United NationsGeneral Assembly, meeting regularly every Octoberfor a 4-5 week session. DISEC deals with the oftentense issue of weapons, their use, their regulation andtheir trade in general as well as broader issues of international security. All 192 UN members are able topartake in DISEC and no nations have the power toveto. The actual legislative power of DISEC however islimited to recommendations, reports and draftresolutions that are then passed on to the GeneralAssembly.
 
AGENDA ITEM 1Issues with the export of arms by developed nations to fuel the fighting in countries withchanging regimes
Introduction
The International Arms Trade is a highly contentious issue of global politics and security.The arms trade can involve the trade of weaponry, either in part or whole, or in thesupplying of training and expertise. When developing nations then sell arms to states eitherrepressing internal dissent or to states in the process of civil war it would not be beyondbelief that these nations are contributing either to prolonging the conflict or to contributingto the suffering of the named repressed peoples; and though arms embargoes andinternational treaties regulating the export and supply of arms to many nations undergoingsuch crises these are often fiercely opposed by the developed nations supplying these arms.
Background 
 The necessity for most nations to be able to defend themselves in a globalised economywith various arms producers has led to the development of complex arms trade deals, oftenfrom developed nations to less developed nations. Some weapons produced by certaincountries have been extremely popular alternately because of a low level of expensecombined with high reliability (such as the famous Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle) or due toa high level of technological superiority (which usually include jet engine aircraft on atec
hnical par with the source nations’ own level of weaponry).
It is estimated that some 1.5trillion US dollars are spent annually
1
, equivalent to approximately 2.7% of the global GDP.This amount is somewhat less than the 4% GDP at the end of the cold war, and the cuts inmilitary budgets were far greater in developed than developing countries, especially in themain protagonist states of the Cold War, which in itself has led to a greater attempt by thearms industry to sell their goods to developing countries in order to maintain viability.

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