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Hydraulic Machines and Systems

Hydraulic Machines and Systems

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Published by: api-26349602 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Hydraulic Machines and Systems
1. What do you mean by NPSH?

A. The quantity used to determine if the pressure of the liquid being pumped is
adequate to avoid cavitations in centrifugal pumps is called Net Positive Suction
Head.

2. Define static head?
A. The sum of suction head and delivered head is known as static head. It is
represented by Hs.
3. Define manometric head?
A. The manometric head is defined as the head against which a centrifugal pump has
to work. It is denoted by Hm.
4. Define manometric efficiency?
A. The ratio of manometric head to head imparted by the impeller to the water is
known as manometric efficiency.
5. Define mechanical efficiency?
A. The ratio of power available at the impeller to the power available at the shaft of
centrifugal pump is known as mechanical efficiency.
6. Define overall efficiency?
A. The ratio of power output of the pump to the power input to the pump is known as
overall efficiency.

7. Basic components of centrifugal pump and their purpose?
A. The following are the basic components of centrifugal pump,
a.) Impeller : An impeller is a rotor inside a tube or conduit to increase the pressure

and flow of a fluid.

b.) Casing: It is an air tight passage surrounding the impeller and is designed in such a way that the KE of water discharged at outlet is converted into pressure energy before the water leaves the casing and enters the delivery pipe.

c.) Suction pipe: A pipe whose end is connected to the inlet of the pump and other
end dips into water in a sump is known as suction pipe
d.) Delivery pipe: A pipe whose end is connected to the outlet of the pump and the
other end delivers the water at a required height is known as delivery pipe.
8. Configuration of pumps in series?

A. For high head or pressure requirement
Flow rate remains same as the individual pump
Head or pressure is the summation of two pumps.

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